Lower Limb Joints Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lower Limb Joints Deck (15):
1

What links the anterior meniscus horns?

Transverse ligament of the knee

2

What attaches the posterior margin/horn of the lateral meniscus to the medial condyle of the femur?

Meniscofemoral ligament

3

What meniscus is larger?

Medial meniscus

4

What area of a meniscus is most likely to recover from a tear?

The peripheral, more vascularized portion

5

Varus

Bow-legged

6

Valgus

Knocked-knees

7

Drawer Test

Tests the integrity of the cruciate ligaments

8

Which collateral ligament of the knee is most often injured?

Medial collateral ligament

9

Unhappy triad

Medial collateral ligament, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate ligament are all damaged

10

Alar folds

Internal thickenings of the infrapatellar fat pads that keep fat on the anterior surface of the condyles

11

Perimeniscal Vascular Ring

Arteries from the genicular that anastomose around the knee

12

High ankle sprain

Disruption of any or all of the tibiofibular ligaments

13

Low ankle sprain

Usually anterior talofibular ligament (always tears first)

14

Tarsal Sinus

Anatomical gap between talus and calcaneus. Contains venous plexus (assoc. with small saphenous vein), small artery, branch of deep peroneal nerve

15

What maintains the stability of the Transverse tarsal joint?

Short plantar, long plantar, Bifurcate, spring ligaments