Flashcards in Superficial and Osseous Lower Limb Deck (37):
Starting distally, what is the path of the great saphenous vein?
Formed at the dorsal venous arch, ascends anteriomedially to the malleolus, passes medial femoral condyle posteriorly, transverses the crib form fascia, thru the saphenous opening, terminates with the femoral vein
Fascia that covers the medial portion of the thigh, gives rise to the saphenous opening
What veins in the body have more valves?
Deep and inferior veins
What type of pump do the valves in the veins promote?
Starting distally, what is the path of the small saphenous vein?
Formed from the lateral portion of the dorsal arch, ascends posterior to the lateral malleolus, passes the lateral border of the achilles tendon, up between the heads of the gastrocnemius, crosses deep fascia, empties into popliteal vein
Veins that shunt blood from the superficial veins, across deep fascia, to deep veins. Have valves. Are compressed with muscle contraction.
Where are the vertical lymph nodes located?
Around the great saphenous
Where are the horizontal lymph nodes located?
Inferior to the inguinal ligaments
Impingement of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve as it passes deep to the inguinal ligament. Usually caused from tight clothing or obesity
What 3 bones make up the pelvic bone?
Ilium, pubis, ischium
Where do the 3 pelvic bones converge?
Largest/most superior portion of pelvis
Broad wing-like posterolateral portion of the illium. Attachment site for muscles. 3 lines on lateral surface for gluteal muscles (Inferior, anterior, posterior). Iliac Fossa is medial on the ala.
Anterior Superior/Inferior Iliac Spines
Anterior. Attachment sites for ligaments and tendons of the lower limb
From ASIS to the PSIS. Attachment site for thin sheet-like muscles and deep fascia.
Thick portion of the iliac crest
Posterior superior iliac spine
Forms the skin dimple on some pts. Superior portion of the greater sciatic notch.
"Ear-shaped" surface on the ilium. Articular surface for sacroiliac joint
Superior to the auricular surface. Rough attachment point for strong ligaments of the SI joint.
Postern-Inferior part of the hip bone. Posterior portion contributes to the inferior portion of the greater sciatica notch/lesser sciatic notch
Ramus of ischium
Joins to the inferior ramus of the pubis to form the ischiopubic ramus
Junction of body and ramus. Origin of hamstrings.
Anteromedial part of the hip bone.
Medial attachment of the inguinal ligament
Oval opening in the hip bone. Has a membrane in the opening
Cup-shaped cavity on the lateral aspect of the hip bone. Has a notch, lunate surface, and fossa
Longest/heaviest bone in the body
Attachment site for ligament of the head of the femur (ligamentum teres femoris)
Angle of Inclination
Angle created by the neck vs the shaft of the femur. Gives leverage for hip abductors and rotators. Puts greater stress on bone near apex, so predisposes it to fracture.
Superior view of femur, axis of head and neck angles anteriorly while transverse axis of femoral condyles remains in flat coronal plane. Allows for rotary movements b/t head and acetabulum
Largest Sesamoid bone in the body
Second largest bone in the body. Transmits all superior weight to the talus
Attachment point of the IT band
NOT WEIGHT BEARING. Serves as a muscle attachment site. Helps form the ankle joint.
Attaches fibula and tibia
Bones of the feet
Talus, Calcaneus, Navicular, Cuboid, Cuneiforms, Metatarsals, phalanges