Malaria Flashcards Preview

BIOL322 > Malaria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Malaria Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Peridomestic

living in or around human habitation

2

Sylvatic

disease contracted by wild animals

3

Anthropophilic

go inside people's houses, they like people

4

What's the name of the malaria mosquito?

Plasmodium spp.
~ falciparum (50% of cases, almost all death)
~ vivax (43% cases)
~ malariae
~ ovale
~ knowlesi

5

Recrudescence

erythrocytic infection falls to subclinical/subpatent levels but is not eliminated then reappears

6

Relapses

erythrocytic infection is eliminated but dormant hypnozoites in liver reactivate and generate a new erythrocytic infection

7

Cold stage

shivering, then temperature rises rapidly

8

Hot stage

peripheral vasodilation (flushed appearance), rapped pulse + high temperature

9

Sweating stage

copious sweating = fall in temperature

10

Name the symptomatic stages in Maleria

1. hot
2. cold
3. sweating

11

Morbidity

the condition of being diseased

12

Mortality

death

13

DALYs

a.k.a. disability adjusted life years
The sum of years of potential life lost due to premature
mortality and the years of productive life lost due to disability

14

List the methods of malaria detection (6).

1. presumptive diagnosis
2. microscopy
3. Qualtitive buffy coat
4. Antigen detection
5. PCR
6. Antibody - ELISA, IFAT

15

Name the two components of malaria treatement.

1. supportive - manage the symptoms
2. specific - eliminate the parasite