Male and Female Pathologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Male and Female Pathologies Deck (23):
1

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)

increase in glandular and fibro muscular tissue
fibro muscular hypertrophy leads to denervation
lesions in the peri-urethral zones compared to peripheral zones in Ca

2

BPH signs and symptoms

frequency
urgency
incontinence
nocturia
UTI
renal failure if not treated

3

Prostate Cancer

adenocarcinoma of the peripheral zone of the prostate

4

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

asymptomatic in early stages
hip or back pain, weight loss, anaemia, SOB, blood on ejaculation

5

Prostatitis

variety of inflammatory disorders of the prostate gland or bacterial and other origins

6

Priapism

involuntary, abnormal and painful erection
leads to: ischaemia, fibrosis of erectile tissue, subsequent impotence

7

Penile Cancer

begins as a small lump or ulcer
mainly squamous cell carcinoma

8

Varicole

abnormal dilation of vein within spermatic cord

9

Hydrocele

Fluid within tunica vaginalis

10

Torsion of the Testes

twisting of spermatic cord that suspends the testis and the spermatic vessels that supply the testis with blood

11

Symptoms of torsion of the testes

N+V, tachycardia, large and tender testes in abnormal orientation, pain radiating into inguinal area

12

Orchititis

uncommon condition of inflammation of the testis, complication due to mumps or systemic infection

13

Testicular Cancer Symptoms

discomfort or pain in the testicle, pain in the back or lower abdo, enlargement of a testicle or a change in the way it feels

14

Inguinal Hernia

testes develop in the abdo cavity and descend to the scrotum via inguinal cavity,

15

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

clinical syndrome resulting from acute infection of the female reproductive tract

16

Signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease

lower abdo pain, pain increases wither before or after a menstrual period, fever, chills, nausea, yellow discharge

17

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

imbalance of hormones

18

Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome

15-30 yo, anovulation, dysfunctional bleeding, amenorrhea, infertility

19

Signs and symptoms of ruptured ovarian cyst

sudden pain with rupture of the follicular cyst corpus luteum
localised adrenal tenderness

20

Endometritis

inflammation of the uterine lining - normally due to infection

21

Signs and symptoms of endometritis

fever
purulent vaginal discharge
lower abdo pain

22

Endometriosis

growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus

23

Signs and symptoms of endometriosis

constant pelvic pain
pain exacerbated by menstrual cycle
adnexal tenderness
painful defecation
supra-pubic soreness
vaginal spotting