STIs and contraception Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in STIs and contraception Deck (14):
1

Chlamydia

Caused by bacteria
Symptoms: discharge and a burning pain during urination
Treatable with antibiotics

2

Gonorrhea

discharge from vagina or penis
many have no symptoms but can transmit disease
Treatable with antibiotics

3

Syphillis

Symptoms are mild and can go undetected
Starts with painless genital ulcer that goes away on its own
Rash, fever, headache, achy joints

4

Genital Herpes

Recurring outbreaks of blister-like sores
Treatment causes reduction in frequency and severity of outbreaks but no elimination of infection

5

Genital Warts

caused by a virus related to skin warts, HPV
Small, painless bumps
Various treatments e.g. freezing

6

Hepatitis

Can be transmitted via blood
Can cause both initial and chronic liver inflammation
Acute infection can cause yellowish skin and eyes, fever, itchy, achy

7

HIV/AIDS

no specific symptoms or physical signs to confirm
Infection to symptoms development is 10 years
Complications: infections, cancers, weight loss, intellectual deterioration, death
NO CURE

8

Implants

Hormonal rod-shaped device inserted under the skin in upper arm
Contains a progesterone like hormone which stops ovulation and makes fluid opening to uterus thicker
Lasts for 3 years

9

Injections (DEPO)

Hormonal injection
Contains progesterone like hormone
Given every 12-24 weeks

10

Contraceptive Intrauterine Devices (IUD)

Small plastic device with added copper or hormones that is put into uterus by a doctor
Can stay for 10 years
Hormonal makes period lighter, but side effects
Copper makes period heavier, but no side effects

11

Emergency Contraception

Morning after pill - contains progesterone

12

Contraceptive Pills

Combined pill - contains synthetic eostrogen and progesterone
Mini pill - contains synthetic progesterone

13

Barrier Methods

Male condom, female condom, diaphragm

14

Permanent Methods

Female sterilisation: block fallopian tubes
Male sterilisation : cutting tubes that carry sperm