Flashcards in Management Tasks, Responsibilities and Practices Deck (40)
What are values?
they are the likes, dislikes, shoulds, oughts, judgements, and prejudices that determine how we view the world. Once they become part of an individual, they become (often subconsciously) a standard for guiding his or her actions
How many value orientations are there?
What are the six value orientations?
Theoretical, Economic, Aesthetic, Social, Political, Unity(of the religious
What is the process of management?
The process undertaken by one or more persons to coordinate the activities of other persons to achieve results not achievable by any one person acting alone
What type organization is the Classical Approach?
The Classical Approach is a "Line" organization
What type of organization is the Behavioral Approach?
A "Line and Staff" organization
Which is the newest approach to management?
The " Management Science Approach".
What is a typical use of a "Matrix Organization"?
Who is considered the father of administrative theory?
Henry Fayol what did he focus on?
He focused on the management of the whole organization.
How did Fayol see the managers job?
He saw it as Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Coordinating Activities, and Controlling Performance
Fayol had how many principles of management?
There are how many functions of management?
What are the eight functions of management?
Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Direction, Coordinating, Reporting, Budgeting and Evaluating
Maslow is associated with which theory of human motivation?
Maslow focused on?
Physiological, Safety, Social, Esteem, and Self-actualization
In Maslow's hierarchy you must?
Satisfy one need before you move to the next level
Who is most closely associated with the Two Factor Theory
Douglas McGregor is responsible for?
Theory "X" and Theory "Y"
According to Herzberg, what are the two sets of factors and their influence on job performance?
Hygiene - pay, supervision, company policies etc.
They are extrinsic to work - potential source of satisfaction but not motivation
Motivators - achievement, advancement, recognition
Intrinsic to work - potential source of satisfaction and effective performance
What are some of Herzberg's Hygiene Factors
pay, status, security, working conditions, fringe benefits, policies and administrative practices, interpersonal relations
What are some of Herzberg's motivational factors or needs of the job?
meaningful and challenging work, recognition for accomplishment, feeling of achievement, increased responsibility, opportunities for growth and advancement, the job itself
The Reinforcement Theory is most closely associated with?
Pavlov / Skinner
The reinforcement theory refers to?
Human behavior can be modified by using?
Task Management Leader, Country Club Leader, Impoverished Leader Middle of the Road and Team Management Leader are from?
The Ohio State Model
Define the Task Management Leader
Primarily concerned for production and only minimally concerned for people
Define the Country Club Leader
Primarily concerned for the people and only incidentally concerned for production
Define the Impoverished Leader
Concerned for neither production or people