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Flashcards in Municipal Planning Deck (44)
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1

What year did the US Supreme Court uphold zoning laws for the first time?

1926

2

As a general rule, owners wishing to develop their property inconsistent with zoning regulations may go to which board, which has the power to grant variances.

Board of Adjustment

3

Planning Boards have the exclusive right to approve________,but may also grant ________ as long as they only relate to the size and location of the proposed construction.

Subdivisions, variances

4

Which board has the exclusive right to grant use variances?

Boards of Adjustment

5

When applying for a variance the applicant must notify all property owners within how many feet of the subject property?

200 ft

6

Who adopts the Master Plan, the long range plan for a municipality?

The Planning Board

7

Capital Items must have a useful life of how many years?

5

8

True or False. The State Plan is aimed at discouraging rural development.

True

9

Can wetlands be developed?

Some limited use is permitted with DEP approval

10

True or False. At this time laws that prohibit development have not been declared unconstitutional as a persons right to property.

True

11

True or False. From a property tax standpoint, deluxe office buildings are a good rateable that don't increase demand for costly public programs or education.

True

12

True or false. One can plan too much if allowances are made for changes or if planning takes too much time from other essential tasks.

True

13

What is the primary goal of municipal planning?

To design, construct and maintain an adequate infrastructure while prohibiting incompatable land uses from the same or adjacent areas whenever reasonably possible.

14

Who adopts zoning laws?

The governing body

15

True or false. Planning Boards have the right and are given the opportunity to make recommendations on proposed zoning laws.

True

16

Why do municipalities plan?

To assure residents an adequate infrastructure, to preserve or enhance property values, protect the health and welfare of residents and reduce future maintenance costs.

17

True or false. All municipalities must prepare a capital budget plan: for municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, the plan must be for six years and for small municipalities a minimum three year plan is required.

True

18

Who is responsible for the maintenance of sidewalks in the absence of a law.

The Municipality

19

What are the two main sections of the master plan?

A statement of goals and objectives and a land use section

20

Does the State Government give police power for zoning to local governments?

Yes

21

In the early 1900"s what vehicle promoted urban growth?

The trolley car

22

What is the Municipal Land Use Law

NJSA 40 : 55 D

23

What must you have adopted in order to enforce the Municipal Land Use Law?

An Ordinance

24

True or False. The municipality is the only entity that has the power to zone.

True. The state gives that right and it has been upheld by the US Supreme Court

25

True or False. An owner can continue and expand a nonconforming use.

False

26

What do zoning ordinances regulate?

Types of land use

27

Zoning ordinances must conform what?

The master plan

28

How often should the Master Plan be reviewed?

Every 6 years

29

True or False. Zoning ordinances are not required to be consistent with the Master Plan

True

30

A Zoning Board of Adjustment must have how many members?

Seven