Flashcards in Municipal Planning Deck (44)
What year did the US Supreme Court uphold zoning laws for the first time?
As a general rule, owners wishing to develop their property inconsistent with zoning regulations may go to which board, which has the power to grant variances.
Board of Adjustment
Planning Boards have the exclusive right to approve________,but may also grant ________ as long as they only relate to the size and location of the proposed construction.
Which board has the exclusive right to grant use variances?
Boards of Adjustment
When applying for a variance the applicant must notify all property owners within how many feet of the subject property?
Who adopts the Master Plan, the long range plan for a municipality?
The Planning Board
Capital Items must have a useful life of how many years?
True or False. The State Plan is aimed at discouraging rural development.
Can wetlands be developed?
Some limited use is permitted with DEP approval
True or False. At this time laws that prohibit development have not been declared unconstitutional as a persons right to property.
True or False. From a property tax standpoint, deluxe office buildings are a good rateable that don't increase demand for costly public programs or education.
True or false. One can plan too much if allowances are made for changes or if planning takes too much time from other essential tasks.
What is the primary goal of municipal planning?
To design, construct and maintain an adequate infrastructure while prohibiting incompatable land uses from the same or adjacent areas whenever reasonably possible.
Who adopts zoning laws?
The governing body
True or false. Planning Boards have the right and are given the opportunity to make recommendations on proposed zoning laws.
Why do municipalities plan?
To assure residents an adequate infrastructure, to preserve or enhance property values, protect the health and welfare of residents and reduce future maintenance costs.
True or false. All municipalities must prepare a capital budget plan: for municipalities with more than 10,000 residents, the plan must be for six years and for small municipalities a minimum three year plan is required.
Who is responsible for the maintenance of sidewalks in the absence of a law.
What are the two main sections of the master plan?
A statement of goals and objectives and a land use section
Does the State Government give police power for zoning to local governments?
In the early 1900"s what vehicle promoted urban growth?
The trolley car
What is the Municipal Land Use Law
NJSA 40 : 55 D
What must you have adopted in order to enforce the Municipal Land Use Law?
True or False. The municipality is the only entity that has the power to zone.
True. The state gives that right and it has been upheld by the US Supreme Court
True or False. An owner can continue and expand a nonconforming use.
What do zoning ordinances regulate?
Types of land use
Zoning ordinances must conform what?
The master plan
How often should the Master Plan be reviewed?
Every 6 years
True or False. Zoning ordinances are not required to be consistent with the Master Plan