Mental Imagery (chpt.7) Flashcards Preview

Cognitive Processes > Mental Imagery (chpt.7) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Imagery (chpt.7) Deck (27):
1

Mental Imagery

refers to the mental representation of stimuli when those stimuli are not physically present in the environment

2

Visual Imagery

the mental representation of visual stimuli

Image size (elephant, rabbit,fly) control: Experimenter expectation tell experimenter "y" will occur when you expect "X"

3

Auditory Imagery

mental representation of auditory stimuli

4

STEM Disciplines

science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

5

Analog Code

is a representation that closely resembles the physical object

6

Propositional code

is an abstract language like representation storage is neither visual nor spatial and it does not physically resemble the original stimulus propositional code approach mental imagery is a close relative of language not perception

7

Modern Functionalism

the computer metaphor

8

Propositions vs. Analog images

Analog images are not like the way a computer

9

Kosslyn's Theory

surface representations are always analog, deep representations (cf.LTM) some analog, some propositional

when using mental imagery the back part of the brain is activated in PET, FMRI, ERP scans

10

Cognitive Maps

More propositional than analog evidence distance estimates are influenced by the number of intervening cities on memorized maps the semantic similarity of close locations

is a mental representation of geographic information, including the environment that surrounds us

11

Hueristics

mental tricks ("rules of thumb") are likely propositional angles and curves are normalized people visualize it as curvy when they draw it out

is a generalproblem solving strategy that usually produces a correct solution but not always

12

Map Rotation

Is reno or san diego further west ? reno Alignment is Rome or Philadelphia further North? rome

13

Mental Models

Making mental models from verbal descriptions spatial judgements easiest to most difficult above/below, back,front left or right

14

Prosopagnosia

cannot recognize human faces visually, through they perceive other objects relatively normally

15

Experimenter expectancy

The researchers biases and expectations influence the outcomes of the experiment

16

Demand Characteristics

are all the cues that might convey the experimenter's hypothesis to the participant

17

Meta-analysis

is a statistical method for combining numerous studies on a single topic

18

Pitch

is a characteristic of a sound stimulus that can be arranged on a scale from low to high

19

Timbre

describes the sound quality of a tone

20

Spatial Cognition

primarily refers to three cognitive activities
1) Our thoughts about cognitive maps
2)How we remember the world we navigate
3)How we keep track of objects in a spatial array

21

Border Bias

People estimate that the distance between two specific locations is larger if they are on different sides of a geographic border, compared to two locations on the same side of that border

22

Landmark effect

general tendency to provide shorter estimates when traveling to a landmark

23

90 degree angle heuristic

represent angles in a mental map is being closer to 90 degrees than they really are

24

Rotation Heuristic

is a figure that is slightly tilted will be remembered as being either more vertical or more horizontal than it really is

25

Alignment Hueristic

a series of separate geographic structures will be remembered as being more lined up than they really are

26

Spatial framework model

emphasizes that the above below spatial dimension is especially important in our thinking the front back dimension is moderately important and the right left dimension is least important

27

Situated cognition approach

we make use of helpful information in the immediate environment or situation our knowledge depends on the context that surrounds us