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Flashcards in Midterm Week 2 Deck (63)
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(5) Temperature & pinyin

Hot (Re)
Cold (Han)
Warm (Wen)
Cool (Liang)
Neutral (Ping)

1

Temperature 'Re'

Hot

2

Temperature 'Han'

Cold

3

Temperature 'Wen'

Warm

4

Temperature 'Liang'

Cool

5

Temperature 'Ping'

Neutral

6

Quality of Acrid (Xin)

disperse and move

7

Quality of Sweet (gan)

tonify, harmonize and are sometimes thought to moisten

8

Quality of Bitter 'Ku'

drain and dry

9

Quality of Sour 'suan'

astringent and prevent or reverse the abnormal leakage of fluids and energy

10

Quality of Salty 'xian'

purge and soften

11

quality of bland 'dan'

no taste; leach out dampness and promote urination

12

quality of aromatic 'xiang'

ability to penetrate through turbidity and revive a particular fx

13

quality of astringent 'se'

has the ability to prevent the leakage of fluids

14

ascription of action
sourness enters __

liver

15

ascription of actions
acridity enters __

lungs

16

ascription of action
bitterness enters __

heart

17

ascription of action
saltiness enters __

kidneys

18

ascription of action
sweetness enters __

spleen

19

actions of acrid / pungent / spicy

dispersing out and upward
moving and circulating
enters the lungs
release the exterior is the result of the function and movement of acrid tasting substances
can be a great qi regulator and help dampness or pain (stasis/stagnation)

20

actions of sweet

tonify, nourish, and strengthen
harmonizing and moderate (not strong and intense)
relieves tensions (STache, spasms and pain)
enters spleen
can normalize fx of ST and SP, but caution w SP Qi deficiency and dampness
Richness, stickiness, thickness-- blocks Qi-- creates stagnation leading to dampness

21

actions of bitter

downwards draining/ purging (promote bowel movement; purge heat/fire; descend Qi for vomiting, nausea, belching)
Dry dampness
Because of descending tendency can have a sedating effect
enters the heart
Da Huang-- could also release food stagnation and in a sense tonify

22

action of Salty

Heaviest substances besides minerals
purges downwards for constipation
softens hardness
tends to enter kidney
all the seaweeds (scrofula and goiter)
many animal products due to their Fe

23

actions of Sour

Stabilize and bind
astringe / hold / contract
stops movement and can move backwards
contains fluids and qi
enters the liver
can refresh and improve the appetite as well when used appropriately
ST yin-- preserve yin (w sweet can produce yin and body fluids)

24

actions of Astringent

includes sour and sweet
retains and binds
sometimes non-ripe persimmon, inner lining of pomegranate or some red wines (tannic)
feels like a coat on tongue and sucking feeling
happens with charring of herbs
caution-- could hold in a patho and trap it in-- especially with an ext invasion

25

actions of bland

diuretic influence (edema)
promote urination
leech out dampness (through urine)
has a downward direction, but milder than bitter or salty

26

action of aromatic

awakens and revives -- digestive system
moves in all direction
stronger than acrid
penetrates through turbidity of closed or blocked
eliminates damp in the joints (rheumatism)

27

what taste combination produce Yang?

acrid/pungent and sweet

28

what taste combination produces yin?

sour and sweet

29

what are 8 parameters in TCM?

ext./int., hot/cold, excess/deficiency, yang/yin