Misc 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Misc 3 Deck (30):
1

features of episcleritis

patchy redness
pain
discharge

associated with autoimmune disorders

2

patients with contact lenses at risk for what, and how to differentiate

bacterial conjunctivitis - cornea spared
keratitis - cornea involved

3

contact lens keratitis usually caused by what organism

Pseudomonas

4

really dark red eye bleeding

subconjunctival hemorrhage

5

patient with hypercalcemia greater than 14.. management

IV NS
calcitonin

6

galactokinase deficiency prone to

cataracts

7

ADR primidone

precipitate acute intermittent porphyria
- abd pain
- neuro
- psych

8

sodium nitroprusside can cause toxicity of ___
- tx?

cyanide
sodium thiosulfate

9

manifestations of refeeding syndrome

arrhythmia
CHF
seizures
wernicke encephalopathy

10

electrolytes to replenish in refeeding syndrome

Mg
Phos
K

11

what increases ketones

diabetes
alcoholism
starvation

12

difficult to visualize funds, sudden loss of vision

vitreous hemorrhage

13

tx of diabetic gastroparesis

metoclopramide
erythromycin

14

asterixis differential

hepatic encephalopathy
uremic encephalopathy
CO2 retention

15

transudate vs exudate pH

transudate: 7.4 - 7.55
exudate: 7.3 - 7.45

16

CI to succidnylcholine

hyperkalemia
- crush or burn injuries
- tumor lysis syndrome
- demyelinating syndromes (Guillain Barre)

17

dry vs wet macular degeneration

dry: slowly progressive bilateral vision loss
wet: unilateral aggressive vision loss

18

blood and thunder in ophthalmoscope

central retinal vein occlusion

19

cupping of optic disc

glaucoma

20

sxs of cataracts

painless blurred vision
glare
halos around lights

21

PDE inhibitors interact with

nitrates
alpha blockers (doxazosin, prazosin)

22

med other than trazodone that causes priapism (and is #1 cause of priapism, not trazodone!)

prazosin (alpha blocker)

23

management of frostbite injuries

rapid reheating with warm water

24

shoulder pain radiating down shoulder and in ulnar distribution

Pancoast syndrome

25

hypocalcemia can be due to low levels of what other electrolyte?

magnesium

26

labs to workup organic causes of erectile dysfunction

TSH
prolactin
testosterone

27

ADR of methotrexate

macrocytic anemia
hepatotoxicity
interstitial lung dz
alopecia

28

Lambert Eaton associated with

small cell carcinoma

29

causes of methemoglobinemia

dapsone
topical/local anesthetics
nitrates

30

incr homocysteine causing DVT... give what?

B6 to lower homocysteine levels