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Flashcards in Misc ll Deck (18)
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1

B6 is cofactor for what?

transaminating

2

AA therapy - how to take it?

away from protein
if > 1000 mg then in divided doses
take w carbs
make sure thyroid fxn ok

3

Vit K cofactors

2 7 9 10
calcification of bone
involved in enzyme that moves Ca around (carboxylase)

4

B2 Xu signs

cheilosis, glossitis

5

B3 (niacin) xu signs

pellagra
3 D's: dementia, diarrhea, dermatitis

6

B5 xu signs

burning feet, HA, N

7

B6 signs
overdose ADR
cofactor

microcytosis
if overdose: peripheral neuropathy
Mg

8

Folate xu signs

macrocytosis, glossitis, colitis

9

What step is important in methylation?

needs wat cofactors
important for what?

homocysteine --> methionine
connective tissue, healing
B12, folate

10

Vitamin E fxn

protect fat - LDL, cell membranes
needs ascorbate to be preserved (vit c)
alpha-tocopherols

11

glutathione fxn

protects water - rbc, cytosol
needs ascorbate to be preserved - vit c

12

Vit A for what
What tissues?
2 forms

nuclear membrane activation
EYE, EPITHELIAL, GONADS
1. water soluble: carotenes
2. fat soluble: retinol

13

Vit D activated form

25-OH D3
regulate blood homeostasis of Ca

14

phoshate - how much of bone?

85%
nucleic acids, energy, cell membrane, bone structure

15

intracellular cation

K

16

antiox in foods and natural antihistamine

flavinoids
hesperidin quericint rutin

17

antiox and in e transport chain

coQ10

18

antiox chelates metals

ALA