Flashcards in mix2 Deck (37):
cervical nodes drain
head and neck
trachea and esophagus
upper limb, breast, skin above umbilicus
liver, stomach, spleen, pancreas, upper duodenum
lower duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon to splenic flexure
colon from splenic flexure to upper rectum
lower rectum to anal canal (above pectinate line), bladder, vagina (middle third), prostate
testes, ovaries, kidneys, uterus
anal canal (below pectinate), skin below umbilicus (except popliteal), scrotum
dorsolateral foot, posterior calf
right lymphatic duct drains?
right side of body above the diaphragm
thoracic duct drains?
everything but the right side of the body above the diaphragm
where does the thoracic duct drain?
junction of left subclavian and internal jugular veins
what part of the lymph node is underdeveloped in DiGeorge?
strep pneumo, h flu b, neisseria, e coli, salmonella, klebsiella, GBS (SHiNE SKiS)
what can you expect on CBC and peripheral smear after splenectomy
smear: Howell-Jolly bodies, target cells; CBC: increased platelets, increased lymphocytes
what pharyngeal pouch is the thymus derived from?
third pharyngeal pouch
what are the components of innate immunity?
neutrophils, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, NK cells (lymphoid origin), complement
what are the components of adaptive immunity?
T cells, B cells, circulating antibodies
what are PAMPs? What are some examples?
pathogen associated molecular patterns; example=LPS
What are the important neutrophil chemotactic agents?
C5a, IL-8, LTB4, kallikrein, platelet-activating factor
anaplasmosis from ixodes tick
bartonella, from cats
borrelia burgdorferi from ixodes tick
chlamydophila psittaci from parrots and other birds
coxiella burnetii, sheep amniotic fluid
francisella tularensis from rabbits, deer fly
humans with leprosy, armadillos
reptiles and poultry