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Health Assessment > Mobility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mobility Deck (23)
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1

Give an example of gliding joint movement

carpals and articular processes of vertebrae

2

Give an example of circumduction

moving shoulders in a circular motion

3

Give an example of protraction

Moving the jaw away from the face

4

Give an example of retraction

Moving the jaw towards the face

5

Give an example of Inversion

moving the foot inward

6

Give an example of Eversion

Moving the foot outward

7

Give an example of opposition

touching each of the fingers to the thumb

8

What type of considerations could cause mobility issues for infants and children?

1.newborns could have flat feet, bow legs, and knock knees
2. spinal shape may be abnormal
3. Congenital hips
4. Scoliosis

9

What type of considerations could cause mobility issues for pregnant females?

Lordosis- excessive inward curvature of the spine

10

What type of considerations could cause mobility issues in older adult?

1. Bone changes
2. Decreased height
3. Kyphosis- excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back

11

What mobility changes happen in infancy and childhood?

Extremities grow faster than the head, thorax, and spine. Size and composition of muscles change.

12

What mobility changes happen in the elderly?

1. Thinning of the vertebral discs, shortening of spinal column and onset of kyphosis
2. bone density decreases
3. More susceptible to fractures
4. Cartilage becomes rigid and fragile and there is a loss of resilience and elasticity in ligaments
5. A reduced range of motion, pain in joints, reduced muscle strength, and increased risk for fractures

13

What type of cardiac consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

Reduced cardiac capacity (Loss of endurance)
orthostatic hypotention

14

What type of respiratory consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

Immobility contributes to the reduced expansion and leads to reduced capacity for gas exchange

15

What type of musculoskeletal consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

1. prolonged immobility leads to a reduction in muscle mass and atrophy
2. Leads to contracture in the joints due to muscle shortening
3. Decreasing weight-bearing leads to bone demineralization and calcium depletion

16

What type of integumentary consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

Immobility puts pressure on the skin and reduces perfusion to the tissues

17

What type of GI consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

1. Constipation is a common complaint with immobility
2. GI tract slows down with immobility
3. Constipation reduces appetite and nutritional status is impacted

18

What can help with constipation because of immobility?

Put the patient in an upright position

19

What type of urinary consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

1. Renal calculi
2. Urinary stasis
3. Infection

20

What type of psychological consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?

1. depression
2. boredom
3. anxiety
4. anger
5. Disturbed body image
6. Self-esteem issues

21

What interventions are used for mobility?

1. exercise therapy
2. Pharmacologic agents
3. Surgical interventions
4. Assistive devices
5. TENS (electroshock therapy)
6. Thermotherapy

22

What safety measures could be taken for the elderly to protect their mobility?

1. make sure rugs are tacked down
2. Grab bars in the restroom
3. Shower chair
4. Stickers on the bottom of the tub
5. Do they have stairs and how do they get up and down them

23

What could be done to help with functional ability for people who had a stroke?

1. get them stroke adaptive equipment
2. ways to get tools to button or zip clothing
3. Tools to help them eat
4. tools to put their socks on