Flashcards in Mobility Deck (23)
Give an example of gliding joint movement
carpals and articular processes of vertebrae
Give an example of circumduction
moving shoulders in a circular motion
Give an example of protraction
Moving the jaw away from the face
Give an example of retraction
Moving the jaw towards the face
Give an example of Inversion
moving the foot inward
Give an example of Eversion
Moving the foot outward
Give an example of opposition
touching each of the fingers to the thumb
What type of considerations could cause mobility issues for infants and children?
1.newborns could have flat feet, bow legs, and knock knees
2. spinal shape may be abnormal
3. Congenital hips
What type of considerations could cause mobility issues for pregnant females?
Lordosis- excessive inward curvature of the spine
What type of considerations could cause mobility issues in older adult?
1. Bone changes
2. Decreased height
3. Kyphosis- excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back
What mobility changes happen in infancy and childhood?
Extremities grow faster than the head, thorax, and spine. Size and composition of muscles change.
What mobility changes happen in the elderly?
1. Thinning of the vertebral discs, shortening of spinal column and onset of kyphosis
2. bone density decreases
3. More susceptible to fractures
4. Cartilage becomes rigid and fragile and there is a loss of resilience and elasticity in ligaments
5. A reduced range of motion, pain in joints, reduced muscle strength, and increased risk for fractures
What type of cardiac consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
Reduced cardiac capacity (Loss of endurance)
What type of respiratory consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
Immobility contributes to the reduced expansion and leads to reduced capacity for gas exchange
What type of musculoskeletal consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
1. prolonged immobility leads to a reduction in muscle mass and atrophy
2. Leads to contracture in the joints due to muscle shortening
3. Decreasing weight-bearing leads to bone demineralization and calcium depletion
What type of integumentary consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
Immobility puts pressure on the skin and reduces perfusion to the tissues
What type of GI consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
1. Constipation is a common complaint with immobility
2. GI tract slows down with immobility
3. Constipation reduces appetite and nutritional status is impacted
What can help with constipation because of immobility?
Put the patient in an upright position
What type of urinary consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
1. Renal calculi
2. Urinary stasis
What type of psychological consequences can happen because of decreased mobility?
5. Disturbed body image
6. Self-esteem issues
What interventions are used for mobility?
1. exercise therapy
2. Pharmacologic agents
3. Surgical interventions
4. Assistive devices
5. TENS (electroshock therapy)
What safety measures could be taken for the elderly to protect their mobility?
1. make sure rugs are tacked down
2. Grab bars in the restroom
3. Shower chair
4. Stickers on the bottom of the tub
5. Do they have stairs and how do they get up and down them