Perfusion (Cardiovascular) Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment > Perfusion (Cardiovascular) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Perfusion (Cardiovascular) Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1

Is the mitral valve on the left or the right side of the heart?

Left side

2

Is the tricuspid valve on the left or the right side of the heart?

right side

3

What are the 4 types of heart sounds?

1. S1
2. S2
3. S3
4. S4

4

What sound is the S1 generally characterized as?

The "lub" sound of the heart

5

What sound is the S2 generally characterized as?

The "dub" sound of the heart

6

What sound is the S3 generally characterized as?

Ken-tuc-key

7

Why does an S3 sound occur?

It occurs when the ventricle reaches its elastic limit
S3 + heat failure= poor prognosis

8

What sound is the S4 generally characterized as?

Ten-ne-se-ee

9

What is the S4 sound associated with?

active atrial contractions that cause late ventricular filling

10

Where are the five areas to listen to the heart?

1. Aortic area
2. Pulmonic area
3. Tricuspid area
4. Erb's point
5. Apical/Mitral

11

Where is the aortic area to listen to the heart found?

in the second intercostal space on the right side of the sternum

12

Where is the pulmonic area to listen to the heart found?

The second intercostal space on the left side of the sternum

13

Where is the Erb's point found?

In the third intercostal space on the left side of the sternum

14

Where is the tricuspid area found?

In the fourth intercostal space just to the left of the sternum

15

Where is the apical/mitral area found?

In the fifth intercostal space. It is almost in line with the left nipple

16

Where are the 8 different pulses?

1. Carotid= neck
2. brachial= just in the nook of the arm, proximal to the body
3. Radial= thumb side of wrist
4. ulnar= pinkie side of wrist
5. Femoral= in the groin
6. popliteal= back of the knee
7. posterior tibial= in the little nook between the ankle and heal
8. dorsalis pedis= on the top of the foot in line with the tibia

17

What number would a bounding pulse be considered?

4

18

What number would a normal pulse be considered?

2

19

What number would a weak pulse be considered?

1

20

What number would an increased pulse be considered?

3

21

What number would an absent or nonpalpable pulse be considered?

0

22

What is stasis?

pooling of blood that can be caused by problems with the lumen or valves of leg veins

23

What do capillaries do?

Exchange gases and nutrients between arterial and venous systems

24

Where are the posterior auricular lymph nodes found/

Behind the ear

25

Where are the Preauricular and parotid lymph nodes found?

Right in front of the ear

26

Where are the occipital lymph nodes found?

On the back of the head (where the occipital bone is)

27

Where are the Submandibular lymph nodes found?

Underneath the jaw

28

Where are the Submental lymph nodes found?

Underneath the chin

29

How would a nurse assess peripheral vascular adequacy?

Skin: symmetric, warm, smooth, pink, no edema, no clubbing
Capillary refill
Check all the pulses
Check the oral mucosa and the conjunctiva

30

What are the five P's of a circulatory assessment?

1. Pain
2. Pulse
3. Pallor
4. Paresthesia (ability to feel)
5. Paralysis