Gas Exchange Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment > Gas Exchange > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gas Exchange Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

How do children normally breath?

They use their abdominal muscles for breathing during infancy and early childhood

2

What things should a nurse be aware of with a pregnant woman regarding the respiratory system?

In a pregnant woman:
1. muscles and cartilage of the ribs relax
2. inspiratory capacity increases
3. Expiratory reserve volume is the same
4. Can obtain mild respiratory alkalosis

3

What things should a nurse be aware of with an older adult regarding the respiratory system?

Older adults have:
1. a decrease in respiratory efficiency
2. changes in respiratory depth
3. decrease in cough ability
4. increase in respiratory rate
5. anxiety and physical exertion can cause significant demands
6. increased effect of infection

4

What psychosocial issues can cause respiratory problems?

1. stress
2. anxiety
3. fatigue
4. pain

5

When using inspection for the respiratory system what should the nurse look for?

1. normal skin color
2. symmetry of the anterior and posterior thorax
3. configuration of the anterior and posterior thorax
4. respiratory rate

6

What do fine crackles in the lungs sound like?

high pitched, short, crackling

7

When do crackles occur in the lungs?

End inspiration, and do not clear with cough

8

Why do crackles in the lungs occur

collapsed or fluid-filled alveoli

9

What do coarse crackles in the lungs sound like?

loud, moist, low pitched, bubbling

10

When do wheezes occur?

Expiration/inspiration when severe

11

What do wheezes sound like?

high pitched and continuous

12

Why do wheezes occur?

blocked airflow as in asthma, infection, foreign body obstruction

13

What does stridor sound like?

Loud, high pitched crowing heard without stethoscope

14

What causes stridor?

Obstructed upper airway

15

When does stridor occur?

inspiration

16

What causes friction rub?

Pleural inflammation

17

What does friction rub sound like?

low-pitched grating, rubbing

18

When does friction rub occur?

inhalation/exhalation

19

What does a Barrel Chest indicate?

COPD

20

What is indicated if someone has a barrel chest but skinny arms and legs?

Emphysema

21

What is Atelectasis?

obstruction of airflow

22

What is Pleural effusion?

fluid in the pleural space

23

What is a pneumothroax?

collapse of the lung

24

How does congestive heart failure affect the lungs?

Causes edema around the alveoli