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Flashcards in Module 1 Deck (37):
1

Which of the following is TRUE regarding stress?
We need some stress for learning.
Stress management is an important part of counseling.
Therapeutic lifestyle changes can ameliorate stress.
All of the above.

All of the above are true.

2

The microskills hierarchy:
describes interview skills in order of importance.
demonstrates that alternative settings require different counseling skills.
forms the foundation of intentional interviewing.
demonstrates clearly that different clients have different needs.

forms the foundation of intentional interviewing.

3

Which of the following aspects are illustrated by Sienna’s case?
The reality of helping.
People often face complex issues with no clear ending.
A relationship and empathic listening may help develop solutions.
All of the above.

All of the above

4

According to Carlstedt’s findings:
50% finished after four sessions.
25% completed their work in 5 to 10 sessions.
Most clients completed therapy by the 35th session.
All of the above

All of the above

5

Clients come to therapy feeling that they are:
stuck.
relaxed.
functioning well.
focusing on their strengths.

stuck

6

Approximately what percentage of medical issues involve the brain and stress?
90%
80%
70%
60%

80%

7

Common factors include ____.
caring and empathy
acceptance and affirmation
encouragement
all of these

all of these above

8

Which of the following is NOT one of the steps in the microskills learning model?
Warm up
View
Interpret
Generalize

Interpret

9

The microskills framework has been tested and used with:
counseling and interviewing training.
management training.
nurse and physician training.
all of these

all of these

10

The brain can develop new connections and even new neurons over time. This process is named:
neurofeedback.
a statement that needs to be questioned.
neurotaxis.
neuroplasticity.

neuroplasticity

11

Which of the following accurately summarizes the five-step model for practical competence and mastery of the microskills?
Read about the skill; Define its key features; Observe skill in role-play; Practice the skill; Record results.
Warm up by focusing on the skill; View it in action; Read about its effective use; Practice in role-play; Generalize.
Plan for learning; Observe the skill; Define skill purpose; Observe skill in role-play; Practice and plan.
Observe skill in action; Plan for learning; Learn the skill; Practice in role-play; Take action.

Warm up by focusing on the skill; View it in action; Read about its effective use; Practice in role-play; Generalize.

12

Most important to developing competence in the microskills is
understanding the concepts.
audio and videotape feedback.
learning to identify and classify skills.
practice.

practice

13

Which of the following is NOT a true finding of microskills research?
The skills have been shown to be teachable and show construct validity.
Practice with the skills to competence levels appears to be especially important in developing competence.
People can learn to use the skills but their impact on clients is minimal.
Different counseling theories have different patterns of microskill usage.

People can learn to use the skills but their impact on clients is minimal.

14

Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding interviewing, counseling, and psychotherapy?
These terms are often used interchangeably in this book.
There is considerable overlap among these activities.
Only psychotherapy involves real therapy.
Interviewing is usually short term

Only psychotherapy involves real therapy.

15

The microskills framework has been applied to ____.
AIDS prevention training in Africa
Aboriginal social workers in Australia
business managers in Sweden, Japan, and the U.S.
all of these

all of these

16

Define Interviewing

Basic process for used for gathering data, providing info and advice to clients, and suggesting workable alternatives for resolving concerns

17

Define counseling

more intensive & personal process than interviewing; listening to and understanding a client's life challenges, developing strategies for change and growth

18

Define Psychotherapy

Focuses on more deep-seated difficulties, which often require more time for resolution

19

Paul Tillich says that these four words define "Love is Listening"...

listening, love, caring, & relationship

20

Close to ___% of non-White clients drop out of their first session.

50%

21

What is psychiatry?

Though it has the smallest number of professionals, it has the greatest power to define the nature of the helping fields; focus on medication in brief sessions and usually don't have time for "talk therapy"

22

Intentional counseling & psychotherapy are concerned with which single response is correct. True or False?

False, they are concerned with how many potential response may be helpful.

23

What is intentionality?
a) Acting with a sense of capability and deciding from among a range of alternative actions;
b) can generate alternatives in a given situation and approach a problem from multiple vantage points;
C) uses a variety of skills and personal qualities, adapting styles to suit different individuals and cultures
d) all of the above

all of the above

24

A long-term goal of effective counseling and therapy is the development of ____

client resilience

25

What is resilience?

A dynamic process whereby individuals exhibit positive behavioral adaptation when they encounter significant adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or even significant sources of stress

26

What two people are known for focusing on self-actualization as a goal of counseling and therapy?

Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow

27

Self-Actualization is defined as...
a) man's tendency to actualize himself, to become his potentialities;
b) growth-motivated rather than deficiency-motivated;
C) intrinsic growth of what is already in the organism, or more accurately of what is the organism itself;
d) to express and activate all the capacities of the organism
e) all of the above

all of the above

28

Rogers and Maslow had immense faith in the ability of individuals to overcome challenges and take charge of their lives. True or False?

True

29

Clients exist in a...
a) multidimensional context
b) multicultural context
c) social context
d) all of the above

all of the above

30

Counseling is considered to be both ___ & ___

science and art; recognized by empirical research and neuroscience, yet creatively applied by the counselor themselves

31

What is cultural intentionality?

generating alternatives from different vantage points, using a variety of skills and personal qualities within a culturally appropriate framework

32

What are micro skills?

single communication skill units that are taught one at a time to ensure mastery of basic counseling and therapy competencies

33

What is the micro skills hierarchy?

It organized micro skills into a systematic framework for the eventual integration of skills in a natural fashion

34

The Microskills hierarchy rests on a foundation of...
a) ethics,
b) multicultural competence,
c) wellness;
d) all of the above

all of the above

35

What are the 5 skills used to teach single skills of counseling and psychotherapy?

1. Warm up to the skill, 2. view the skill in action, 3. rad and earn about broader uses of the skill, 4. practice and 5) generalize learning from the session to daily life

36

Empathic relationship - story and strengths - goals - restore - action

yada yada yada

37

What is neuroplasticity?

"rewiring' of the brain