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Flashcards in Module 7 Deck (32):

Interpretation/reframing helps clients find new ways of thinking about their alternatives for action in which of the following theories?

Decisional Theory
Cognitive Behavioral Theory
Psychodynamic Theory
Person-Centered Theory

Decisional Theory & CBT & Psychodynamic Theory


To "hyper-reflect," one ____.
reflects too many feelings and/or meanings to the client's detriment
thinks carefully about many alternatives thus demonstrating intentionality
transcends suffering through thinking of positive aspects of life
thinks of negative meanings of events in one's life and may overeat, drink to excess, or wallow in depression

thinks of negative meanings of events in one's life and may overeat, drink to excess, or wallow in depression


The vision quest is to Native Americans as ____ is to any client seeking meaning of their current life.
career planning
resolving problems



The skill of reflection of meaning is generally for ____.
less verbal clients

verbal clients
clients who have a history of needing deeper understanding and emotional expression of relevant feelings, thoughts, and attitudes which in turn may be manifested by unusual language patterns
severely disturbed clients

verbal clients



provides clients with new insights.
helps clients experience their feelings.
presents clients with a specific plan for action.
connects clients with social networks

provides clients with new insights.


Taking action on life's meaning, according to logotherapists, is ____.

central to the theory
not important as what we think of things is most important rather than the way things really are
a way to avoid facing the real meaning of what we do
something that requires constant careful thought and monitoring by the therapist

central to the theory


Which one of the following is NOT a predictable result when using reflection of meaning?

The client will experience their feelings and emotions more deeply.
The client discusses stories, issues, and concerns in more depth.
There is special emphasis on deeper meanings, values, and understanding.
Clients may be able to discern life goals and visions for the future

The client will experience their feelings and emotions more deeply.


Which one of the following client responses indicates that the client is considering life meaning?
"How will I resolve this issue?"
"I'm so confused; which plan should I follow?"
"What should I really be doing?"
"I am hurt and I am angry."

"What should I really be doing?"


Which of the following is a key word used by interviewers to elicit meaning?
All of the above

All of the above


Discernment ____.
is a value clarification process in which the client seeks to find meaning in life
is "sifting through" our interior and exterior experiences to determine their origin
describes what helping professionals do when they work with clients at deeper levels of meaning
all of the above

all of the above


Which of the following behaviors best describes the client who "hyper-reflects?"
Thinks about things too much
Focuses on the negative meaning of life experiences
Overeats, drinks to excess, or wallows in depression
All of the above



Choose the BEST method for formulating and responding to the client with an interpretation / reframe.
Match the client's behavior with the most appropriate microskill.
Draw conclusions from the client's nonverbal expression of feeling.
Provide a fresh look at the issue and link ideas or information.
Consider the ethnic and cultural background of the client.

Provide a fresh look at the issue and link ideas or information.


Interpretation/reframing is useful in understanding what is going on in the client's mind and/or linking the client to how the environment affects thinking and behavior in which of the following theories?
Decisional Theory
Cognitive Behavioral Theory
Psychodynamic Theory
Person-Centered Theory

Cognitive Behavioral Theory


Which skill is most useful in working with an implicit level of speech and action?
Reflection of feeling
Reflection of meaning

Reflection of meaning


Which question would most effectively probe for meaning?
"Why do you do that?"
"Does it really matter?"
"How could it be that way?"
"Why is that important for you?"

"Why is that important for you?"


Selecting meaning and interpretation/reframing seek to enable clients to...

think differently about themselves, their feelings, and their stories


What is reflection of meaning?

The art of encouraging clients to find new ways of examine their lives through your in-depth listening for deeper issues and visions of the present, past, and future; similar to paraphrasing but focuses beyond what the client says; explore their own meanings in more depth from their perspective


What is interpretation/reframing?

The art of supplying clients with new perspectives or frame of reference, words, and ideas that they can use to crate new ways of thinking and feeling and ultimately behave differently; they may come from observations of the counselor, be based on varying theoretical orientations in the helping field, or may link critical ideas together


Which are the anticipated results from Interpretation/Reframe?

a. client will find another perspective or way of thinking about a story, issue, or problem
b. the new perspective could be generated by a theory used by the counselor, by linking ideas or information, or by simply looking at the situation afresh


To elicit meaning is to..

examine the meaning of a client's life through the process of discernment; often precedes reflection


Reflecting meaning involves ____ direction while interpretation/reframe implies ____ therapist direction

client; therapist


Helping clients discern the _____ and _____ of their lives can serve as a motivator for change and provide a compass as to the direction of that change.

meaning; purpose


_____ organizes life experience and seres as a _____ from which clients generate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

Meaning; metaphor


As meaning is often _____, it is helpful to ask questions that lead clients to explore and clarify meaning.



Reflecting meaning essentially looks like a reflection of feeling except that the words ____, ____, and ____ substitute for feeling words.

meaning, values, intentions


What are theoretical interpretations?

Clients tell their story or speak about their problems and issues and the counselor then makes sense of what they are saying from a specific counseling theory such as psychodynamic, interpersonal, family therapy, or even logo therapy.


What are Reframes?

These tend to come from here-and-now experiences in the session, or they might be larger reframes of major client stories. Based on the counselor's experience in providing the client with another interpretation of what has happened or how the story is viewed.


Meaning affects interpretation. True or False.

True. Frank constantly reframed his experience in the concentration camp, integrating here-and-now positive reframing with meaning


What are four strategic lifestyle change methodologies for coaching?

Choosing (strategic), Living (lifestyle), Loving (interpersonal), and Being (intrapersonal)


What is the central goal of coaching Choosing strategic aspects of life?

Through engaging with your client in strategic thinking you can help them to actualize and put into operative the goals they are pursuing.; strategic thinking is practical and it helps prioritize.


Priorities serve our clients best when they are:
a. deeply rooted in their core beliefs and values,
b. centered in compassion for others and for self,
c. Expresses who they are at the core,
d. all of the above

all of the above


Obstacles of our own making can be more _____ based