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Flashcards in Module 5 Deck (29):

What is the "mission of reflecting feelings"?

To clarify emotions life - discovering the "heart of the matter"; underlying clients' words, thoughts, and behaviors are feelings and emotions that motivate and drive action


Reflections of feelings enable the counselor to:
a. Ground the client and keep the session from becoming too verbal and intellectualized (moving away from deeper feelings that guide us)
b. Bring out the richness of the client's emotional world and increase your empathic understanding
c. Help clients explore and sort out mixed or ambivalent feelings toward the issues and decisions they face, toward significant others, and toward the way they understand themselves
d. all of the above

all of the above


What are the six research-based basic feelings?

Sad, mad, glad, and scared, plus surprise and disgust/contempt


What are some examples of social emotion?

guilt, compassion, love


Feelings are always cognitive. True or False?

False. they are found in bodily expressions at multiple levels, from observable body language to subtle changes in heart rate and blood pressure


In naming client feelings, you should note which of the following?
a. emotional and feeling words used by the client,
b. implicit emotional and feelings not actually spoken,
c. observation of nonverbally expressed emotions and feelings,
d. mixed verbal and nonverbal emotional cues, which often represent conflict
e. all of the above

all of the above


Emotions may be observed only directly. True or false?

False. Oftentimes that have to be drawn out through questions or feedback.


In many cases, a refection in the present tense is more powerful than one in the past or future tense. True or false?



Deeper reflections may be appropriate in many counseling sessions, especially with nonverbal clients. True or False

False. Verbal clients are more apt to go into deeper reflections.


_____ of ______ puts less pressure on clients to examine their emotions and may be especially helpful in the early stages of counseling a client who is culturally different

Acknowledgement; feeling


Positive emotions affect the ways people respond to others and their environments. True or false.



Postive feelings do all but which?
a. activate our brains,
b. broaden our perceptions,
c. let us think more flexibly
d. decrease our capacity to deal with crises,
e. make us happier and improve our wellness

Positive feelings actual INCREASE our capacity to deal with crises.


Postive areas of the brain are activated in the _____

prefrontal cortex


Reflecting feelings helps us to reach only positive emotions and feelings. True or False?

False. They access negative feelings as well.


What should a counselor do when negative emotions and feelings emerge?

Recognize and reflect the negative, but search for positive strengths and feelings. It can take five or more positives to counteract a negative


A single emotionally laden damaging comment or negative life experience cannot last a lifetime or change one's self view. True or False.

FALSE! This is why the positive approach is essential in order to build effective emotional and self-regulation, as well as intentionality


Research on the brain has not yet validated many traditional beliefs and teachings in the counseling field True or False.

FALSE! Neuroscience's focus on the limbic HPA and TAP supports the idea that reflection of feeling is the most valuable listening skill after attending behavior


Cognitive behavioral therapy (and other similar approaches) are less effective when emotion and feelings are recognized. True or False?

FALSE! They are more effective!!


Your challenge as a coach, especially if you have a healthcare background, is to create a treatment plan. True or False?

False. You offer to create a framework for a wellness map and they fill in the blanks (p. 154, Arloski) - puts the responsibility mostly on them.


Make your approach to wellness planning growth-_____

Oriented; Help clients see the connection btw being well and his/her own personal growth


In wellness coaching, the customized wellness plan is really a map or a tool that helps your client to:
a. Find their way by identifying specifically how they want to work on improving their lifestyle,
b. Set up ways to measure and track progress,
c. Secure adequate support,
d. Identify outcomes so they know when they have arrived at their destination
e. all of the above

all of the above


When designing a wellness plan, take caution to also include these three factors along with action steps:

motivation, blocks to completion, support resources


What is a well-life vision?

an image that represents the way we want to live when we are living our best life possible; it is who we want to be, not just what we are doing


What does "coaching the gap" refer to?

It's the gap between where you are and where you want to be; you have to recognize what has to change for you to get there


In order for your client to experience success, help them select goals with the ______ levels of ____ where the probability of success is greater.

highest; readiness


What is a critical part of setting Action Steps?

Determining Indicators of Success - "How will you know when you are being successful?"


What are 7 factors that should be considered &/or planned for each Area of Focus?

1. Desires (What do you want?), 2. Current location (Where are you currently?), 3. Destination (Where do you wan to go or who do you want to become?), 4. Committed Course (What are you, the client, making a commitment to do?), 5. Challenges (What are you up against?), 6. Strategies to Meet Challenges (Ways to overcome hurdles), 7. Sources of Support (Who can go on this journey with you?)


Who invented the Readiness for Change model?

James Prochaska and his associates, John Norcross and Carlo Diclemente


What are the 6 steps in Prochaska's model?

1. Pre-contemplation, 2. Contemplation, 3. Preparation, 4. Action, 5. Maintenance, 6. Termination