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Flashcards in Module Five Deck (22):
1

What are the three important components of motivation?

-Direction of effort
-Intensity of effort
-Persistence

2

What are the two types of motivation ?

Intrinsic
Extrinsic

3

What are the three sources of motivation?

-Trait centred view
-Situation centred view
-Interaction centred view

4

What is intrinsic motivation?

Engaging in behaviours because of interest and enjoyment (powerful motivator)

5

What is extrinsic motivation?

Engaging behaviours to attain rewards or outcomes that lie outside the activity itself (extensive in sport)

6

What are the approaches to understand motivation for behaviour change?

-Behavioural
-Cognitive
-Cognitive-Behavioural

7

Who were the fathers of behaviouralism?

Watson and skinner

8

What is the behavioural approach to understanding motivation?

Focused on conditioning and learning from the environment which determines people's actions

9

What are the two approaches to behavioural motivation

Operant conditioning
Vicarious conditioning

10

What is operant conditioning?

Behaviours associated with consequences that are learned through reinforcement or punishment following behaviour

11

What is vicarious conditioning

Results from observing others with the outcomes being valued by the individual

12

What is reinforcement?

Any factor that increases frequency of behaviour

13

What is punishment

Any factor that decreases the frequency of behaviour

14

What is messaging?

The process of getting the messages to the public

15

What are messages?

All the information to be conveyed to the public

16

What are the strategies to enhance physical activity messages

-Include certain message qualities
-Creating relevance (tailoring and targeting)
-Choosing appropriate message framing
-Creating accessible messages

17

Motivation is an interplay of:

-Personal influences
-Behavioural Influences
-Environmental influences

18

What is the attribution theory?

Created by Bernard Weiner on how individuals express failure and success

19

What is the social-cognitive theory?

Created by Albert Bandura that describes the factor that effect and determine behaviour

20

What is the SMART principle?

Set goals that are Specific, Measurable, Adjustable, Realistic, and Timely

21

Feedback:

Allows individuals to learn what they're doing correctly or incorrectly, which serves as reinforcement

22

What is motivation?

Describes the internal and external forces that produce the initiation, direction, and persistence of behaviour