Flashcards in Module Five Deck (22):
What are the three important components of motivation?
-Direction of effort
-Intensity of effort
What are the two types of motivation ?
What are the three sources of motivation?
-Trait centred view
-Situation centred view
-Interaction centred view
What is intrinsic motivation?
Engaging in behaviours because of interest and enjoyment (powerful motivator)
What is extrinsic motivation?
Engaging behaviours to attain rewards or outcomes that lie outside the activity itself (extensive in sport)
What are the approaches to understand motivation for behaviour change?
Who were the fathers of behaviouralism?
Watson and skinner
What is the behavioural approach to understanding motivation?
Focused on conditioning and learning from the environment which determines people's actions
What are the two approaches to behavioural motivation
What is operant conditioning?
Behaviours associated with consequences that are learned through reinforcement or punishment following behaviour
What is vicarious conditioning
Results from observing others with the outcomes being valued by the individual
What is reinforcement?
Any factor that increases frequency of behaviour
What is punishment
Any factor that decreases the frequency of behaviour
What is messaging?
The process of getting the messages to the public
What are messages?
All the information to be conveyed to the public
What are the strategies to enhance physical activity messages
-Include certain message qualities
-Creating relevance (tailoring and targeting)
-Choosing appropriate message framing
-Creating accessible messages
Motivation is an interplay of:
What is the attribution theory?
Created by Bernard Weiner on how individuals express failure and success
What is the social-cognitive theory?
Created by Albert Bandura that describes the factor that effect and determine behaviour
What is the SMART principle?
Set goals that are Specific, Measurable, Adjustable, Realistic, and Timely
Allows individuals to learn what they're doing correctly or incorrectly, which serves as reinforcement