Flashcards in Module Ten Deck (18):
What are the three phases of mental training?
-Education: athletes recognize the importance of mental skills and how they affect their performance
-Acquisition: athletes acquire mental skills and learn how to most effectively employ them
-Practice: athletes implement mental skills in practice and competition
What are some mental skills athletes use?
What is a goal?
A target or objective that people strive to attain
What is goal setting?
The practice of establishing desirable objectives for ones actions
What are the three kinds of goals?
What is the most commonly used performance enhancement strategy?
Learning to relax is:
essential to regulate worry and anxiety about performance and to avoid detrimental effects on performance
What are the two categories of relaxation?
-Muscle to mind: focused on releasing physical tension
-Mind to muscle: focused on efferent nerve control (stimulation of brain to muscles) to release cognitive anxiety
What are the two techniques for muscle to mind relaxation?
What are the two techniques for mind to muscle relaxation?
-Mediation: uncritical focus of attention that disciplines the mind
-Autogenic: similar to self-hypnosis
What is imagery?
Using ones senses to create or recreate an experience in the mind
What are the two types of imagery perspectives?
-External: you see the image from outside your body as if you are watching a video
-Internal: experience the image from behind your own eyes in your body
What are the keys to using imagery effectively?
-Controllability: imagining exactly what is intended with the ability to manipulate aspects of the images of desire
-Vividness: how clearly an image is seen and how detailed the image appears with the ability to incorporate all the senses
What is self talk?
Verbalizations or statements that are addressed to the self serving instructional or motivational functions
When can an athlete use self talk?
-Preparing for performance
-Changing bad habits
-Creating or changing mood
What is team building?
An effective strategy to enhance a teams cohesion and performance
What are two team building intervention strategies
-Direct intervention: consultant works directly with the athletes/team
-Indirect Intervention: consultant works with coach/leader rather than the team