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Flashcards in Module Ten Deck (18):

What are the three phases of mental training?

-Education: athletes recognize the importance of mental skills and how they affect their performance
-Acquisition: athletes acquire mental skills and learn how to most effectively employ them
-Practice: athletes implement mental skills in practice and competition


What are some mental skills athletes use?

-Goal Setting
-Team Building


What is a goal?

A target or objective that people strive to attain


What is goal setting?

The practice of establishing desirable objectives for ones actions


What are the three kinds of goals?

-Outcome Goals
-Performance Goals
-Process Goals


What is the most commonly used performance enhancement strategy?

Goal setting


Learning to relax is:

essential to regulate worry and anxiety about performance and to avoid detrimental effects on performance


What are the two categories of relaxation?

-Muscle to mind: focused on releasing physical tension
-Mind to muscle: focused on efferent nerve control (stimulation of brain to muscles) to release cognitive anxiety


What are the two techniques for muscle to mind relaxation?

Breathing exercises
Progressive relaxation


What are the two techniques for mind to muscle relaxation?

-Mediation: uncritical focus of attention that disciplines the mind
-Autogenic: similar to self-hypnosis


What is imagery?

Using ones senses to create or recreate an experience in the mind


What are the two types of imagery perspectives?

-External: you see the image from outside your body as if you are watching a video
-Internal: experience the image from behind your own eyes in your body


What are the keys to using imagery effectively?

-Controllability: imagining exactly what is intended with the ability to manipulate aspects of the images of desire
-Vividness: how clearly an image is seen and how detailed the image appears with the ability to incorporate all the senses


What is self talk?

Verbalizations or statements that are addressed to the self serving instructional or motivational functions


When can an athlete use self talk?

-Skill acquisition
-Preparing for performance
-Changing bad habits
-Attention control
-Creating or changing mood
-Controlling effort
-Building confidence


What is team building?

An effective strategy to enhance a teams cohesion and performance


What are two team building intervention strategies

-Direct intervention: consultant works directly with the athletes/team
-Indirect Intervention: consultant works with coach/leader rather than the team


Peak performance is a consequence of?

Both physical and mental factors