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Flashcards in Module Six Deck (20):
1

What are the three approaches to the study of personality?

-Biological Theories
-Trait Theories
-Interactionist Theories

2

What is the biological theory of approach to personality

Emphasis is on the person through a mind and body connection that links personality with biological processes

3

What is the trait theory approach to personality

Emphasis is on the person, which is relatively stable and highly consistent

4

What is the Interactionist theory of approach to personality

Emphasis is on the interaction between the person and environment

5

What is the constitutional theory?

A biological theory by William Sheldon stating that certain somatotypes predispose individuals toward behaviour consistency consisting of endomorphs, ectomorphs, and mesomorphs

6

What are ectomorphs?

Linear, tall, and lean. Cerebrotonia personality (tense, introvert, inhibited, and socially restrained)

7

What are endomorphs?

Plump and round. Viscerotonia personality (affectionate, sociable, relaxed, and cheerful)

8

What are mesomorphs

Inverted, triangle shaped, athletic bodies. somatotonic personality (adventurous, risk taking, aggressiveC and likes to change)

9

What is the PEN Personality Theory?

Trait theory of personality by Hans Eysenck that is broken down into psychoticism-superego, extraversion-introversion, and neuroticism-stability

10

What is psychoticism-Superego?

Hormonal function (androgen, testosterone, and low serotonin) leads to heightened aggressiveness, impersonal attitudes and antisocial/inhibited behaviour

11

What is personality?

Overall organization of our psychological characteristics; an individual's unique, but consistent psychological makeup

12

What is extroversion-introversion?

Base level arousal in cortex dictated whether or not individuals avoid further stimulation (introverts) or seek our further stimulation (extroverts)

13

What is neuroticism-stability?

Associated with limbic system and sympathetic nervous system. High neurotic individuals (enduring negative emotional states) have longer laying autonomic reactions than low neurotic individuals

14

What does OCEAN stand for?

-Openness to experience
-Conscientiousness
-Extraversion
-Agreeableness
-Neuroticism

15

Personality research in sport and exercise psychology examines:

-Risk taking and sensation
-Competitiveness
-Perfectionism
-Mental Toughness
-Exercise Behaviour

16

Psychoticism:

Antisocial, aggressive, impulsive, and hostile

17

Superego:

Empathic, social, caring, and cooperative

18

Extraverted:

Strong nervous system, seeks stimulation, and is easily overwhelmed by intense stimuli

19

Neuroticism:

Highly reactive to minor stresses

20

Stability:

Calm, and unlikely to overreact