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Flashcards in Module Four Deck (27):
1

What is the Stanford prison experiment?

Classic social psychology experiment

2

What are theoretical perspectives?

-Psychoanalytic Theories
-Behavioural Theories
-Cognitive Theories

3

Who was dubbed as the father of psychoanalytic theories?

Sigmund Freud

4

What is the Behavioural Theory?

where our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behaviour and that all behaviour is acquired through conditioning

5

What are the two types of conditioning?

Classical
Operant

6

What did Pavlov do?

Classical conditioning with dogs

7

What did Piaget believe?

That our knowledge about the world grows in stages

8

What are the stages of Piaget's worldview model?

-Sensorimotor: object is not there if hidden (0-2)
-Preoperational: everyone sees from their own point of view (0-7)
-Concrete Operational: more water in a taller glass than a wider one (7-11)
-Formal Operational: Abstract thought process (11+)

9

What did Skinner do?

In 1948 he did operant conditioning with the Skinner box and rats

10

Who composed "Little Albert"?

Watson

11

What is the human mind often compared to?

A computer

12

What is information processing?

Internal processing systems transform or alter information we take in from our environment and we respond accordingly

13

What are the two types of studies?

Laboratory
Field

14

What is the independent variable?

What the researcher is manipulating

15

What is the dependent variable?

The effect of the independent variable

16

What studies answer the cause and effect questions?

Experimental studies

17

Who was Norman Triplett?

Conducted what is known to be the first sport specific social psychology experiment

18

What is social influence?

Real or imagined pressure to change ones behaviour

19

What are the three responses to group pressure?

-conformity
-independence
-Anticonformity

20

What are the sources of power?

-Legitimate Power
-Expert Power
-Reward Power
-Coercive Power
-Referent Power

21

What type of power is based on ones socially sanctioned claim to a position or role that gives them the right to require and demand compliance?

Legitimate Power

22

What is expert power?

Derived from subordinates assumptions that the power holder possesses superior skills and abilities

23

What is reward power?

Having control over the distribution of rewards given to individuals

24

What kind of power allows the ability to punish or threaten others who do not comply with demands or requests?

Coercive Power

25

What kind of power is based on ones identification with, attraction to, or respect for the power holder?

Referent Power

26

What are the types of social support?

-Instrumental
-Emotional
-Informational
-Companionship
-Validation

27

What is social psychology?

Scientific study of how people influence each other and other factors that affect social behaviour