Monday week 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Monday week 11 Deck (47)
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1

How can be applied to eyes

solutions- can see through, evaporates
gels - fat
ointments - more fat better contact tme
medicated contacts
collagen sheilds
injection

2

what types of eye meds

- anesthetic - opthane
- staining agents
- mydriatics - dialate
- cycloplegics - paralysis of accomination
- miotics

3

what should you do if anyone comes with eye complaint

always do a visual aquity exam, may need opthane anesthetic if necessary

4

down side of eye anesthesia, corneal abrasion

slows down eye epithelia healing** increase risk of infection ulcer

5

myriatics

dialte puple

6

cycloplegics

paralysis of accommodation

7

miotics

pupillary constriction

8

2 agents for eye exams

mydriatics - dilate
mytotics - pupil constriction

9

Fluroescein dye: orange

affixes to damage in eye, abrasion, infx, ulceraion then luminesence
- can stain contact lenses

10

light to use with fluroescein

Colbalt blue light

11

whaat infections can you see

- herpes keratitis
- herpes zoster

12

how is fluroescein dye appliec

imbeded pieces of paper, wet with salene then hold against lower lid in multiple

13

ocular steroids

herpes infection:
must be used with an anti viral and possibly anti bacterial

14

Etiologies of dry eye

- auto immune, lupus , sjogrens
- contact lense - most common***
- envirionment

15

what do OTC lubricants ususally have

Glycerin solutions

16

Cyclosporine/Restasis

anti rejection drug immune modulation
wetting agent for eyes

17

MOS cyclosporine

T cell inhibition diminished inflammation which allows tear production

18

Conjunctivitis

Pink eye
- allercic most common hear
- viral
- bacterial
- ultraviolet burns
- chemical toxins
- contact overuse

19

conjunctivits, sx

conjunctivitys is itchy, lid swelling and discharge, but no swelling over iris and pupil,

20

bacterial

pyogenic
stringy grey or yellowish discharge

21

Tetrahydrozoline/visine

ocular astringent, redness reliever

22

moa of tetrahyrozoling/visine

vasocontrictor

23

side effects of visine overuse

rebound redness vasodilation, local irritation

24

why zinc in visine

act as astringent to keep from watering .

25

Azelastine/optivar

ocular antihistamine - workse good, for allergic conjunctivitis

26

MOA of azelastine/optivar

antihistamine
- H1 receptor blocker

27

side effects of azelastine

local irritation, limited systemic absorption

28

visine

tetrahydrozoline- eye redness

29

optivar

azelastine - ocular antihistamine

30

Ketorolac/acular

occular discomfort from swelling- eye strain