Flashcards in Motor Vehicle Risk Deck (58)
what is the the thrrd leading cause of death in the US and leading cause for 5-34 year olds?
What are the major causative factors associated with MV fatalities?
speeding, running a red, distracted driving, fatigue and impaired driving.
Alcohol-related accidents represent what % of fatalities? and How many people are killed each year due to drunk and drugges driving?
is alcohol a downer or upper?
downer on the CNS
what senses can be affected by alcohol consumption?
- if used with another drug, the effects can increase
what is the alcohol limit for driving?
0.08% BAC blood alcohol concentration)
administrative liscence suspension protains to what law?
Driving privileges are suspended before conviction when a driver fails or refuses to take a chemical test.
what is an exception to the administtative license law?
A person can driver their car, if it is installed with an ignition interlock device.Its a breath analyzer that will precent the engine from starting if the devide detect a blood alochol level above legal limit.
Are open containers of alcohol permited in the passenger compartment of a vehicle?
How can someone get their DUI reduced or removed?
attend classes for safety training or alcohol/drug awareness. IR. DUI > reduced to reckless driving
what is the greatest age of propensity for speeding and what is the average speeding rate?
11mph/ over speed limit
and 18-24 y/a
what is the relation to excessive speeding and increased rates of accidents?
31% of fatalities are speeding related.
among fatally injured passenger vehicle occupants, more than half (52%) of those kills were due to what?
not being restrained.
are there more fatalities with car accidents or motorcycle accidents?
Motercycle, (37 x more likely to die in an accident, and 9x more likely to be injured)
Are rural areas or urban areas more at risk for fatalities?
Rural, (accounts for 55% of the fatalities).
who (men/wome) has a better mortality rate when it comes to car fatalities?
women, (its 3x higher for males to be in a crash)
why do teenage drivers have the highest crash rish?
inexperience, immaturity and psychomotor varity, pecerptual and congnitive skills.
in recent years, people ages 16-24 were involed in __ % of all alcohol related driving accidents, but only make up 14% of the driving population.
They are also involved in driving accidents at higher rates than older drivers with similar levels of blood alcohol.
what are some consequences to getting older, and becoming an elderly driver?
moderate decline in mental, motor, optic and auditory functions.
what is the cause of increased death rates from accidents in Elderly drivers?
frailty. They are involved in more fetal car crashes per mile than any other age group (except teenagers)
drivers over 75 have more that?
more traffic violations and nonfetal collisions.
what are the two most common violations for elderly drivers?
failure to yeild the right or way, and failure to obey a traffic sign.
As the elderly population increases in the next 20 years, older drivers are projected to be involved in up to how much percent of all crashes and fatalities?
17% of all crashes
25% of all fatalities.
what are the highest ranked occupations in terms, of motor vehicle accidents?
students, attorneys, architects and real estate agents. usually due to fatigue and sleep deprivation.
what are the occupations most highly ranked in terms of speeding?
students, military, manual laborers, politicians and architects.
what is the legislation reported to truck drivers, in terms of work hours and why?
Truck driving accidents ^ d/t fatigue. New legislation to limit truck drivers to no more than 11 hours in a row and 60 hours over 7 days, and rest `10 hours betwen shifts
!0% of fatal crashes and 10% of injury crashes were related to what, in terms of Motor vehicles?
What is the increased % risk for a car accident while using your cell phone? And how many young drivers survyed yes to willing answer a phone notificiation?
4 fold risl
68% answered they would.
how many states have prohibited all drivers from using handheld cell phones while driving?
12, and district of columbia, puerto rico, Guam and US virgin island.