MSK Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MSK Terminology Deck (18):
1

Ankylosis

Fixation of a joint as a result of injury or disease

2

Arthrosis

Degenerative disease of a joint

3

Axonotmesis

Anatomical divisions of axons with intact nerve sheath

4

Cavus

High arch deformity of the foot with claw toes

5

Charcot joint

Painless destructive changes to a joint due to loss of sensation

6

Club foot

Congenital deformity of the ankle and foot

7

Equinus (lower limb)

Plantar flexion posture of the ankle and hind foot

8

Hammer toe

Toe deformity with flexion of the posterior IP, extension of the MP and TIP

9

Myelogram

X-ray taken after dye is injected into the spinal canal

10

Neuropraxia

Physiological interruption of conduction in an anatomically intact nerve (temporary)

11

Neurotmesis

Total or partial severance of axons and nerve sheath

12

Nidus

Source of reaction or infection

13

Rarefaction

Diminished bone density in radiographs

14

Sciatica

Pain in the region of the sciatic nerve

15

Spondylolisthesis

Forward slip of one vertebral body on another

16

Spondylosis

Non-specific degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs

17

Valgus

Where the hand or foot deviates away from the midline

18

Vargus

Where the hand or food deviates towards the midline