Muscle Loctaion, Direction, Size, and Shapes CH 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > Muscle Loctaion, Direction, Size, and Shapes CH 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Muscle Loctaion, Direction, Size, and Shapes CH 3 Deck (37):
1

Pectoral Muscles

Located on the chest

2

Nexis Pector

Chest

3

Epaxial Muscles

located above the pelvic axis

4

Axis

Line around where rotation occurs

5

intercostal muscles

Located between ribs

6

Infraspinatus muscles

located beneath the spine of the scapula

7

Supraspinatus muscles

located above the spine of the scapula

8

Inferior (When referring to muscles)

below or deep

9

Medius (When referring to muscles)

Middle

10

Superior (when referring to muscles)

Above

11

Externus (depth of muscles)

Outer

12

Internus (depth of muscles)

Inner

13

Orbicularis

muscles surrounding another structure

14

Rectus

Straight. Rectus muscles align with the vertical axis of the body

15

Oblique

Slanted. Oblique muscles slant outward away from the midline

16

Transverse

Crosswise. Transverse muscles form crosswise to the midline.

17

Sphincter

Tight band. Sphincter muscles are ringlike and constrict the opening of the passageway

18

Biceps

Generally have two divisions (heads)

19

Triceps

Generally have three divisions (heads)

20

Quadriceps

Generally have four divisions (head)

21

Azygous

not paired

22

Zygot/o

Joined

23

Minimus (muscle)

Small

24

Maximus or Vastus (muscle)

Large

25

Latissinus (muscle)

Broad

26

longissinus or gracilis

narrow

27

major and minor (when referring to muscles)

used to describe larger and smaller parts

28

Deltoid

muscles that look like the greek letter delta Δ

29

quadratus

muscles are square or four sided

30

Rhomboideus

muscles are diamond shaped (rhomboid is a four sided figure that may have unequal adjoining sides but equal opposite sides)

31

Scalenus

muscles are unequally three sided ( Skalenos is greek for uneven)

32

Serratus

muscles are saw toothed (Serratus is latin for notched)

33

Teres

muscles are cylindrical (teres is latin for smooth and round or cylindrical)

34

Sartorius (Sahr-tor-e-uhs) Muscle

(One muscle of the thigh area) named because this muscle flexes and adducts the leg of a human to that position assumed by a tailor sitting cross legged at work (sartorius means tailor)

35

Gemellus

Named because it is a twined muscle (Gemellus means twin)

36

Gastrocnemius (Gahs-trohck-ne-me-uhs) Muscle

the leg muscle that resembles the shape of the stomach.

37

kneme

leg

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):