Natural products as sources of drugs Flashcards Preview

The Medicine (Y2) > Natural products as sources of drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Natural products as sources of drugs Deck (12):
1

Which drug was isolated from bark?

Quinine

2

Which plant extract was morphine synthesised from?

Opium

3

Which plant extract was taxol synthesised from?

Yew tree

4

Willow tree was used to produce which drug?

Aspirin

5

When competing for nutrients, why do fungi have an advantage over bacteria?

Because fungi are capable of producing anti-bacterial agents

6

Secondary metabolites are essential in life processes such as growth and life maintenance. True or false?

False

7

How are secondary metabolites classified?

Based on structure - which depends on the way in which they are built up

8

Beta lactam antibiotics e.g. penicillin belong to which class of secondary metabolites?

Specialised amino acids and peptides

9

Which two drugs are examples of aromatic and non-aromatic polyketides?

Aromatic - tetracycline
Non-aromatic - erythromycin

10

What are terpenoids and steroids assembled from?

Isoprene units

11

What is the terpenoid that is used in the treatment of ovarian and breast cancer?

Taxol

12

Give two examples of alkaloids

Ephedrine
Papaverine