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Flashcards in Neural Chemical Basis of Behavior Deck (20):
0

Name the THREE (3) types of NEUROTRANSMITTERS.

1.) Acetylcholine
2.) Monoamines
3.) Gamma Aminobutyric Acid

1

What are the TWO (2) SUBCATEGORIES of MONOAMINES?

1.) Catecholamines
2.) Indoleamine

2

What are the THREE (3) SUBCATEGORIES of CATECHOLAMINES?

1.) Dopamine
2.) Norepinephrine
3.) Epinephrine

3

In the BIOSYNTHESIS of ACETYLCHOLINE, ________________ is synthesized by ________________ resulting in _____________.

Acetyl CoA + Choline --->

choline acetyltransferase =

ACH + CoA

4

In the DEGRADATION of ACETYLCHOLINE, ___________ is degraded by ______________ resulting in _____________.

ACH ••••>

Acetylcholinesterase =

Breakdown products

5

In the BIOSYNTHESIS of MONOAMINES, ____________ is synthesized by ________ resulting in _________, which is then synthesized by ___________ resulting in __________, which is synthesized by _____________ resulting in __________which is synthesized by _________, which is synthesized by _________, finally resulting in ___________.

1.) Tyrosine --->
2.) Tyrosine hydroxylase =
4.) L-dopa --->
5.) Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylase=
6.) DOPAMINE --->
7.) Dopamine-Beta-Hydroxylase =
8.) NOREPINEPHRINE --->
9.) Phenylethanolamine =
10.) EPINEPHRINE

6

In the DEGRADATION of MONOAMINES, _____________, _____________ or ___________ are degraded by ___________ resulting in ____________.

DA, NE or E ••••>
Monoamine oxidase =
Breakdown Products

7

This is a SUBCATEGORY of INDOLEAMINE.

Serotonin (5-HT)

8

In the BIOSYNTHESIS of INDOLEAMINE, ____________ is synthesized by __________, resulting in ___________, which is then synthesized by ____________, resulting in ___________.

Tryptophan--->
Tryptophan hydroxylase =
5-hydroxytryptophan --->
Aromatic amino acid decarboxylase =
SEROTONIN (5-HT)

9

In the DEGRADATION of INDOLEAMINE, ____________ is synthesized by __________, resulting in _________.

Serotonin--->
Monoamine oxidase =
Breakdown products

10

In the BIOSYNTHESIS of GABA, ___________ is synthesized by _____________, resulting in _____________.

Glutamate--->
Glutamic acid decarboxylase =
GABA

11

In the DEGRADATION of GABA, ____________ is synthesized by ____________, resulting in_____________.

GABA --->
GABA transaminase =
Breakdown products

12

These NEUROPEPTIDES are ENDOGENOUS OPIATES.

Endorphins

13

NEUROPEPTIDES are peptides that play a role in _______________.

Neurotransmission

14

These NERVE FIBERS produce and release ACH.

Cholinergic Fibers

*See notes*

15

These NERVE FIBERS a produce and release NOREPINEPHRINE.

Noradrenergic Fibers

16

These NERVE FIBERS produce and release EPINEPHRINE.

Adrenergic Fibers

17

These NERVE FIBERS produce and release DOPAMINE.

Dopaminergic Fibers

18

These NERVE FIBERS produce and release 5-HT.

Serotonergic Fibers

19

These NERVE FIBERS produce and release GABA.

GABAergic Fibers