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Flashcards in The Brain Cont'd Deck (46):
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This is the anatomical substrate for EMOTION.

Limbic Lobe

1

If you lesion the __________, memory deficits occur, therefore it is involved in memory.

Hippocampus

*Fig 3.27 p. 71

2

If you lesion the __________, docility, tameness and placidity occur, therefore making it an ___________ structure.

Amygdala
Excitatory

*Fig 3.27 p. 71

3

If you lesion the ___________ then rage occurs, therefore making it an ___________ structure.

Septum
Inhibitory

*Fig 3.27 p. 71*

4

This DIVIDES the CORTEX into symmetrical halves.

Longitudinal Fissure

*Fig 3.24 p. 68, Fig 3.25 p. 69*

5

This section of the cortex initiates VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT involved in MOTOR COORDINATION, ABSTRACT THINKING and SPEECH.

Frontal Lobe

*Fig 3.26 p. 69*

6

This section of the cortex subserves SOMETHESIS, KINESTHESIS and TASTE.

Parietal Lobe

*Fig 3.26 p. 69*

7

The section of the cortex subserves AUDITION, OLFACTION and some memory functions.

Temporal Lobe

*Fig 3.26 p. 69*

8

This section of the cortex subserves in VISION.

Occipital

9

This is the study of the DIFFERENCES among different types of CORTICAL AREAS.

Architechtonics

10

The NEOCORTEX has ___ FUNDAMENTAL LAYERS.

6

*Fig 3.26 p. 70*

11

The TRANSITIONAL CORTEX HAS ___ to ___ layers.

4-5

12

The PALEOCORTEX has ___ to ___ layers.

3-4

13

Layers ___ and ___ of the NEOCORTEX are AFFERENT.

2 and 4

*Fig 3.26 p. 70*

14

Layers ___ and ___ of the NEOCORTEX are EFFERENT.

5 and 6

*Fig 3.26 p. 70*

15

Layers ___ and ___ of the NEOCORTEX are ASSOCIATION.

1 and 3

*Fig 3.26 p. 70*

16

True or False: layers 2,4,5 and 6 of the NEOCORTEX are more narrow than the rest.

FALSE, layers 2,4,5 and 6 of the NEOCORTEX are WIDER than the rest.

*Fig 3.26 p. 70*

17

This is the name for the numbers assigned to brain areas and are associated with different functions.

Broadman's Classification

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

18

Areas 3-1-2 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION are the __________ areas for ___________, ___________, ___________.

Primary Sensory
TASTE, SOMESTHESIS and KINESTHESIS

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

19

Areas 5 and 7 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION are ___________ areas for ___________ and __________.

Association
SOMESTHESIS and KINESTHESIS

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

20

Area 4 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is the ____________ area and initiates ______________.

Primary Motor
VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

21

Area 6 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is the ____________area involved in ___________.

Premotor Area
MOTOR COORDINATION

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

22

Area 8 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is involved in _____________, it is the MOTOR AREA concerned with ____________.

Frontal Eye Fields
CONSCIOUS EYE MOVEMENT

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

23

Areas 9-12 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION are involved in ____________.

Abstract Thinking

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

24

Area 44 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is the ____________ area.

Primary Speech

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

25

Area 17 (STRIATE CORTEX) of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is the ___________ area.

Primary Vision

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

26

Areas 18 and 19 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION are the _____________ areas.

Association Visual

*See Schematic Illustration in Notes*

27

This is made up of FIBER TRACTS of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE (part of the CORPUS STRIATUM).

White Matter

*Fig 3.24 p. 68*

28

These are made up of CELL BODIES in the cortex of one hemisphere and pass in a great WHITE SHEET to the other hemisphere.

Commissural Fibers

*Fig 3.24 p. 68*

29

These CONNECT ONE PART of the CORTEX to ANOTHER part in the SAME HEMISPHERE.

Association Fibers

30

This is what the CEREBRAL CORTEX is made of.

Gray Matter

31

These are MEMBRANES SURROUNDING the entire CNS.

Meninges

*Fig 3.4 p. 55*

32

This is located on the DORSAL SURFACE of the CORTEX and somewhat POSTERIOR to the CENTER.

Central Sulcus

33

This runs POSTERIORLY and DORSALLY on the LATERAL SURFACE of the cortex.

Lateral Fissure

34

These PROJECTION FIBERS radiate UPWARD toward the cortex FROM the THALAMUS and SUBCORTICAL AREAS (SENSORY).

AFFERENT CorticoPETAL Fibers

35

These PROJECTION FIBERS project DOWNWARD from CORTEX TO SUBCORTICAL AREAS (MOTOR).

EFFERENT or corticoFUGAL Fibers

36

These are OUTER Meninges that are THICK, TOUGH and PROTECT.

Dura mater

37

These are WEBLIKE MENINGES.

Arachnoid Mater

38

These are THIN, DELICATE, INNER MENINGES.

Pia Mater

39

These lie BETWEEN ARACHNOID and PIA MATER. They are FILLED WITH CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.

Subarachnoid Space

40

These VENTRICLES are FOUND in the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES and CONNECT to the THIRD VENTRICLE.

Lateral Ventricles

41

This VENTRICLE is LOCATED in the MIDLINE in the THALAMUS and HYPOTHALAMUS. Connected to Lateral and Fourth Ventricle.

Third Venticle

42

This VENTRICLE is connected to the THIRD VENTRICLE. It is contained in the PONS and MEDULLA.

Fourth Ventricle

43

This runs the LENGTH OF the SPINAL CORD. It is JOINED BY the FOURTH VENTRICLE.

Central Canal

44

Area 41 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION is the __________ AREA for _________.

PRIMARY SENSORY
Audition

45

Areas 42 & 43 of BROADMAN'S CLASSIFICATION are the _________ AREAS for _________.

ASSOCIATION SENSORY
Audition