Flashcards in Neuro Deck (165)
Loss of voice that accompanies disease affecting the larynx or its nerve supply
Impairment in the volume, quality or pitch of the voice. Example- hoarse or only speak in a whisper. Caused by laryngitis, tumors, unilateral cord paralysis (CN X)
Defect in the muscular control of the speech apparatus (lips,, tongue, palate, pharynx). Worse may be nasal, slurred, or indistinct but central symbolic aspect of language remains intact. Causes include motor lesions of CNS or PNS, parkinsonism, cerebellar disease.
Disorder in producing or understanding language. Often caused by lesion in the dominant cerebral hemisphere (left)
In which type of aphasia is speech fluent, rapid, effortless but sentences lack meaning and words are malformed or inverted.
In which type of aphasia is word comprehension good, and reading comprehension fair to good?
In which type of aphasia are word and reading comprehension, repetition, naming, and writing all impaired?
IN which type of aphasia is speech nonfluent, slow and laborious. Words are meaningful with nouns and transitive verbs with important adverbs.
What type aphasia is there a lesion in the posterior superior temporal lobe?
In which type aphasia is there a lesion in the posterior inferior frontal lobe?
This type of disorder is characterized by distrust and suspiciousness.
Characterized by Detachment from social relations with a restricted emotional range
Eccentricities in behavior and cognitive distortions; acute discomfort in close relationships
Disregard for the law and rights of others; a defect in the experience of compunction or remorse for harming others
Instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affective regulation; impulsivity
Emotional overreactivity, theatrical behavior, and seductiveness; attention-seeking behavior
Persisting grandiosity, need for admiration and lack of empathy for others
Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
Submissive and clinging behavior; psychological dependence on others
Rigid, detail-oriented behavior, often associated w/ compulsions to perform tasks repetitively and unnecessarily and rigid conformity to rules
Speech characterized by indirection and delay in reaching the point because of unnecessary detail. Occurs in people with obsessions.
Speech in which a person shifts from one subject to others w/o realizing the subjects aren't meaningfully connects. Seen in schizophrenia, manic episodes,
Derailment (loosening of associations)
An almost continuous flow of accelerated speech in which a person changes abruptly from topic to topic. Changes are usually based on understandable associations and play on words but ideas don't produce a sensible conversations. Most often seen in manic episodes
Flight of ideas
Invented or distorted words, or words w/ new and highly idiosyncratic meanings. Often seen in schizophrenia, psychotic disorders, aphasia
Speech that is largely incomprehensible because of illogic, lack of meaningful connections, abrupt changes in topic, disordered grammar or word use. Seen in severe psychotic disturbances (usually schizophrenia)
Sudden interruption of speech in mid sentence or before completion of an idea. Person attributes this to losing the though. Also occurs in normal people, but may be striking in schizophrenia.
Fabrication of facts or events in response to questions to fill in the gaps of invalid memory. Often seen in Korsakoff's syndrome from alcoholism.
Persistent repetition or words or ideas. Seen in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
Repetition of the words and phrases of others. Occurs in manic episodes and schizophrenia