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Flashcards in Neuro Deck (165)
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1

Loss of voice that accompanies disease affecting the larynx or its nerve supply

Aphonia

2

Impairment in the volume, quality or pitch of the voice. Example- hoarse or only speak in a whisper. Caused by laryngitis, tumors, unilateral cord paralysis (CN X)

Dysphonia

3

Defect in the muscular control of the speech apparatus (lips,, tongue, palate, pharynx). Worse may be nasal, slurred, or indistinct but central symbolic aspect of language remains intact. Causes include motor lesions of CNS or PNS, parkinsonism, cerebellar disease.

Dysarthria

4

Disorder in producing or understanding language. Often caused by lesion in the dominant cerebral hemisphere (left)

Aphasia

5

In which type of aphasia is speech fluent, rapid, effortless but sentences lack meaning and words are malformed or inverted.

Wernicke's Aphasia

6

In which type of aphasia is word comprehension good, and reading comprehension fair to good?

Broca's aphasia

7

In which type of aphasia are word and reading comprehension, repetition, naming, and writing all impaired?

Wernicke's aphasia

8

IN which type of aphasia is speech nonfluent, slow and laborious. Words are meaningful with nouns and transitive verbs with important adverbs.

Broca's aphasia

9

What type aphasia is there a lesion in the posterior superior temporal lobe?

Wernicke's

10

In which type aphasia is there a lesion in the posterior inferior frontal lobe?

Broca's

11

This type of disorder is characterized by distrust and suspiciousness.

Paranoid

12

Characterized by Detachment from social relations with a restricted emotional range

Schizoid

13

Eccentricities in behavior and cognitive distortions; acute discomfort in close relationships

Schizotypal

14

Disregard for the law and rights of others; a defect in the experience of compunction or remorse for harming others

Antisocial

15

Instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affective regulation; impulsivity

Borderline

16

Emotional overreactivity, theatrical behavior, and seductiveness; attention-seeking behavior

HIstrionic

17

Persisting grandiosity, need for admiration and lack of empathy for others

Narcissistic

18

Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation

Avoidant

19

Submissive and clinging behavior; psychological dependence on others

Dependent

20

Rigid, detail-oriented behavior, often associated w/ compulsions to perform tasks repetitively and unnecessarily and rigid conformity to rules

Obsessive-compulsive

21

Speech characterized by indirection and delay in reaching the point because of unnecessary detail. Occurs in people with obsessions.

Circumstantiality

22

Speech in which a person shifts from one subject to others w/o realizing the subjects aren't meaningfully connects. Seen in schizophrenia, manic episodes,

Derailment (loosening of associations)

23

An almost continuous flow of accelerated speech in which a person changes abruptly from topic to topic. Changes are usually based on understandable associations and play on words but ideas don't produce a sensible conversations. Most often seen in manic episodes

Flight of ideas

24

Invented or distorted words, or words w/ new and highly idiosyncratic meanings. Often seen in schizophrenia, psychotic disorders, aphasia

Neologisms

25

Speech that is largely incomprehensible because of illogic, lack of meaningful connections, abrupt changes in topic, disordered grammar or word use. Seen in severe psychotic disturbances (usually schizophrenia)

Incoherence

26

Sudden interruption of speech in mid sentence or before completion of an idea. Person attributes this to losing the though. Also occurs in normal people, but may be striking in schizophrenia.

Blocking

27

Fabrication of facts or events in response to questions to fill in the gaps of invalid memory. Often seen in Korsakoff's syndrome from alcoholism.

Confabulation

28

Persistent repetition or words or ideas. Seen in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders

Preseveration

29

Repetition of the words and phrases of others. Occurs in manic episodes and schizophrenia

Echolalia

30

Speech in which a person chooses a word on the basis of sound rather than meaning, as in rhyming and punning speech. Seen in schizophrenia and manic episodes

Clanging