Flashcards in Peds Lecture Deck (141)
What do you see with fetal alcohol syndrome?
micrognathia (smaller chin)
low nasal bridge
prominent epicanthal folds
thin upper lip
about when can you get a reliable history form a child?
Around 8 years old
What do you need to screen breech babies for?
What age is considered neonate?
first month of life
What is the early childhood age range?
What is the middle childhood age range?
What is the adolescent years?
About when should children string 2 words together?
When is BMI helpful?
Over 2 years of age
When do you start blood pressures in a child?
2 years of age
What are the most common causes of HTN in children?
Renal artery stenosis
coarctation of the aorta
What would be a sign of coarctation of the aorta?
High BP in the upper extremities than lower extremities
What is the most reliable of temperature?
Rectal, but usually do tympanic in clinic
What is the cut off for fever in children?
What normally causes bradycardia in children?
neurological condition, heart block, hypoxia, anaphylaxis
Are respiratory rates higher or lower in children?
What does a slow respiratory rate indicate in children?
Respiratory failure (impending doom sign)
What is the primary way babies eliminate bilirubin?
Do formula fed or breast fed babies tend to stay jaundice for longer?
breast fed (takes longer to be absorbed)
Where is central cyanosis?
Sign of pulmonary complications, sepsis
What is acrocyanosis?
On extremities, armpits, neck
More of an issue of temperature regulation
What is direct bilirubin?
Being conjugated, but reabsorbed
If you see indirect bilirubin elevation what does it mean?
There is a back up , hasn't been conjugated by liver yet
lysis of RBCs
sign of biliary atresia or acute liver failure
Condition with lots of port wine stains, retardation, trigeminal nerve problems.
Sturge- Weber syndrome
What is an uncommon congenital telangiectasias usueally over limbs, can be associated with congenital malformations including glaucoma, syndactyly, renal hypoplasia
Common rash in newborns. Over bridge of nose and cheeks. White pink point dots, look shiny. Resolve when pores are largers.
Milia; if inflamed (milia rubra)
What is fluffy hair on a fetus than can still be there in infancy. Usually on shoulders/ back
What are red swollen bumps on a babies' face usually due to blocakges on pores. Go away within 2/3 months of life.
What is abnormal shape of head, usually enlarged. Often caused by craniosynostosis?