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Flashcards in Peds Lecture Deck (141)
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1

What do you see with fetal alcohol syndrome?

indistinct philtrum
micrognathia (smaller chin)
low nasal bridge
prominent epicanthal folds
thin upper lip

2

about when can you get a reliable history form a child?

Around 8 years old

3

What do you need to screen breech babies for?

Hip dysplasia

4

What age is considered neonate?

first month of life

5

What is the early childhood age range?

1-4 years

6

What is the middle childhood age range?

5-10 years

7

What is the adolescent years?

11-20 years

8

About when should children string 2 words together?

18 months

9

When is BMI helpful?

Over 2 years of age

10

When do you start blood pressures in a child?

2 years of age

11

What are the most common causes of HTN in children?

Renal artery stenosis
coarctation of the aorta

12

What would be a sign of coarctation of the aorta?

High BP in the upper extremities than lower extremities

13

What is the most reliable of temperature?

Rectal, but usually do tympanic in clinic

14

What is the cut off for fever in children?

100.4 degrees

15

What normally causes bradycardia in children?

neurological condition, heart block, hypoxia, anaphylaxis

16

Are respiratory rates higher or lower in children?

Higher

17

What does a slow respiratory rate indicate in children?

Respiratory failure (impending doom sign)

18

What is the primary way babies eliminate bilirubin?

Feces

19

Do formula fed or breast fed babies tend to stay jaundice for longer?

breast fed (takes longer to be absorbed)

20

Where is central cyanosis?

Lips, chest
Sign of pulmonary complications, sepsis

21

What is acrocyanosis?

On extremities, armpits, neck
More of an issue of temperature regulation

22

What is direct bilirubin?

Normal bilirubin
Being conjugated, but reabsorbed

23

If you see indirect bilirubin elevation what does it mean?

There is a back up , hasn't been conjugated by liver yet
lysis of RBCs
sign of biliary atresia or acute liver failure

24

Condition with lots of port wine stains, retardation, trigeminal nerve problems.

Sturge- Weber syndrome

25

What is an uncommon congenital telangiectasias usueally over limbs, can be associated with congenital malformations including glaucoma, syndactyly, renal hypoplasia

Cutis marmorata

26

Common rash in newborns. Over bridge of nose and cheeks. White pink point dots, look shiny. Resolve when pores are largers.

Milia; if inflamed (milia rubra)

27

What is fluffy hair on a fetus than can still be there in infancy. Usually on shoulders/ back

Lanugo

28

What are red swollen bumps on a babies' face usually due to blocakges on pores. Go away within 2/3 months of life.

Erythemia toxicum

29

What is abnormal shape of head, usually enlarged. Often caused by craniosynostosis?

Plagiocephaly

30

What does a white reflex of the eyes indicate?

Detached retina
congenital illness