Peds Tables 18-5, 18-6, 18-10, 18-13 Flashcards Preview

Clinical Assessment III- Bates Flashcards > Peds Tables 18-5, 18-6, 18-10, 18-13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peds Tables 18-5, 18-6, 18-10, 18-13 Deck (26)
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1

What is a head abnormality that appears within 24 hours of birth, swelling that doesn't extend across suture, soft swelling that develops a raised bony margin when calcium deposits appear; resolves in several weeks

cephalohematoma

2

What is a condition of premature closure of one or more sutures of skull? Results in abnormal growth and shape of skull b/c growth will only occur at unaffected sutures.

Craniosynostosis

3

What are most common kinds of craniosynostosis?

scaphocephaly and frontal plagiocephaly

4

What is when the anterior fontanelle is bulging and eyes may deviate downward?

Hydrocephalus

5

What head abnormality is associated with the setting sun sign?

Hydrocephalus

6

What is when a baby has coarse facial features, low-set hair line, sparse eyebrows, and an enlarged tongue?

Congenital Hypothryroidism

7

What are 3 causes of facial nerve palsy?

1. injury to nerve from pressure during labor/birth
2. inflammation of middle ear branch of nerve during acute/chronic otitis media
3. unknown cause

8

What condition: small, rounded head, flattened nasal bridge, oblique palpebral fissures, prominent epicanthal folds, small, low set ears, and large tongue?

Trisomy 21- Downs

9

What condition: open mouth, edema, discoloration of lower orbitopalpebral grooves

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

10

What is the allergic salute?

Pushing the nose upward and backward with a a hand

11

What condition: hypermetabolism, accelearted linear growth, staring eyes, enlarged thyroid

Hyperthryoidism (Graves' disease)

12

What are Brushfield's spots associated with?

Down's syndrome

13

What is another name for flat feet?

pes planus

14

What causes flat feet?

laxity of soft tissue structure of feet

15

A varus if what?

inversion of foot

16

When are low pressured left to right shunts typically heard? What is an example?

1 year or more
atrial septal defect

17

What murmur is associated with variable cyanosis, heard mid-to-upper left sternal border, systolic ejection murmur, grade III-IV?

Tetralogy of Fallot

18

What murmur is associated with ejection click, is heard mid sternum, upper right sternal broader and radiates to carotid arteries? An ejection, often harsh systolic murmur

Aortic Valve Stenosis

19

What can be the cause of aortic valve stenosis?

rheumatic fever or degenerative disease

20

What murmur is associated with normal pulses, cyanosis, failure to gain weight, clubbing, polycythemia?

Tetralogy of Fallot

21

Where does an atrial septal defect radiate?

to the back

22

What murmur si associated with full to bounding pulses, heard at upper left sternal border, is rather hollow or machinery like?

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

23

What congenital heart murmur doesn't have a murmur, has intense generalized cyanosis, rapid development of heart failure?

Transposition of great arteries

24

When will a PDA be noticed in a full-term infant?

as pulmonary resistance falls

25

What is a VSD?

Ventricular septal defect; blood going from high pressured left through defect of septum

26

What murmur is heard at upper left sternal border, has prominent ejection click with systole, normal growth, and can sometimes be heard over the pulmonary arteries in the lung fields?

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis