Flashcards in Peds Tables 18-5, 18-6, 18-10, 18-13 Deck (26)
What is a head abnormality that appears within 24 hours of birth, swelling that doesn't extend across suture, soft swelling that develops a raised bony margin when calcium deposits appear; resolves in several weeks
What is a condition of premature closure of one or more sutures of skull? Results in abnormal growth and shape of skull b/c growth will only occur at unaffected sutures.
What are most common kinds of craniosynostosis?
scaphocephaly and frontal plagiocephaly
What is when the anterior fontanelle is bulging and eyes may deviate downward?
What head abnormality is associated with the setting sun sign?
What is when a baby has coarse facial features, low-set hair line, sparse eyebrows, and an enlarged tongue?
What are 3 causes of facial nerve palsy?
1. injury to nerve from pressure during labor/birth
2. inflammation of middle ear branch of nerve during acute/chronic otitis media
3. unknown cause
What condition: small, rounded head, flattened nasal bridge, oblique palpebral fissures, prominent epicanthal folds, small, low set ears, and large tongue?
Trisomy 21- Downs
What condition: open mouth, edema, discoloration of lower orbitopalpebral grooves
Perennial Allergic Rhinitis
What is the allergic salute?
Pushing the nose upward and backward with a a hand
What condition: hypermetabolism, accelearted linear growth, staring eyes, enlarged thyroid
Hyperthryoidism (Graves' disease)
What are Brushfield's spots associated with?
What is another name for flat feet?
What causes flat feet?
laxity of soft tissue structure of feet
A varus if what?
inversion of foot
When are low pressured left to right shunts typically heard? What is an example?
1 year or more
atrial septal defect
What murmur is associated with variable cyanosis, heard mid-to-upper left sternal border, systolic ejection murmur, grade III-IV?
Tetralogy of Fallot
What murmur is associated with ejection click, is heard mid sternum, upper right sternal broader and radiates to carotid arteries? An ejection, often harsh systolic murmur
Aortic Valve Stenosis
What can be the cause of aortic valve stenosis?
rheumatic fever or degenerative disease
What murmur is associated with normal pulses, cyanosis, failure to gain weight, clubbing, polycythemia?
Tetralogy of Fallot
Where does an atrial septal defect radiate?
to the back
What murmur si associated with full to bounding pulses, heard at upper left sternal border, is rather hollow or machinery like?
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
What congenital heart murmur doesn't have a murmur, has intense generalized cyanosis, rapid development of heart failure?
Transposition of great arteries
When will a PDA be noticed in a full-term infant?
as pulmonary resistance falls
What is a VSD?
Ventricular septal defect; blood going from high pressured left through defect of septum