Neuro-terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuro-terminology Deck (34):
1

Diencephalon

Thalamus, hypothalamus, subthalamus, epithalamus

2

Prosencephalon

Forebrain - consists of telenchephalon and diencephalon

3

Mesencephalon

Midbrain - tectum and tegmentum

4

Rhombencephalon

Hindbrain - consists of the metenecephalon (cerebellum and pons) and the myencephalon (medulla)

5

Telencephalon

Cerebrum, hippocampus, basal ganglia amygdala

6

Metencephalon

Cerebellum and pons

7

Akinesia

The inability to initiate movement (Parkinsons)

8

Asthenia

Generalized weakness (cerebellar pathology)

9

Ataxia

The inability to perform coordinated movements

10

Athetosis

A condition that presents with involuntary movements combined with instability of posture. Peripheral movements occur without central stability

11

Bradykinesia

Slow movements

12

Chorea

Movements that are sudden, random, and involuntary

13

Clasp-knife response

A form of resistance see during ROM with a hypertonic joint where there is greatest resistance at the initiation of range that lessons with movement through the ROM

14

Cogwheel rigidity

A form of rigidity where resistance to movement has a phasic quality to it (Parkinsons)

15

Dysdiadochokinesia

The inability to perform rapidly alternating movements

16

Dysmetria

The inability to control the range of movement and the force of muscular activity

17

Dysona

A condition of involuntary movement with larger axial muscle involvement (similar to athetosis)

18

Hemibalism

An involuntary and violent movement of a large body part

19

Kinesthesa

The ability to perceive the direction and extent of movement of a joint or body part

20

Lead pipe rigidity

A form of rigidity where there is uniform and constant resistance to ROM (basal ganglia)

21

Rigidity

A state of severe hypertonicity where a sustained mm contraction does not allow for any movement at a specific joint

22

Agnosia

The inability to interpret infomation

23

Agraphesthesia

The inability to recognize symbols, letters, or numbers traced on the skin

24

Aphasia

The inability to communicate or comprehend due o damage to the brain

25

Apraxia

The inability to perform purposeful learned movements, although there is no sensory or motor impairments

26

Astereognosis

The inability to recognize objects by he sense of touch

27

Constructional apraxia

The inability to reproduce geometric figures and designs. This person is visually unable to analyze how to perform a task.

28

Decerebrate rigidity

A characteristic of a corticospinal lesion at the level of the brainstem that results in extension of the trunk and all extremities

29

Decorticate rigidity

A characteristic of a corticospinal lesion at the level at the of the diencephalon where the trunk and lower extremities a positioned in extension and the upper extremities are in flexion

30

Dysarthria

Slurred and impaired speech due to a moo deficit of the tongue or other muscles

31

Dysphagia

The inability to properly swallow

32

Homonymous hemianopsia

The loss of the right or let half of the field of vision in both eyes

33

Ideational apraxia

The inability to formulate an initial motor plan and sequence tasks where the proprioceptive input necessary for movement is impaired

34

Ideomotor apraxia

A condition where a person plans a movement or task, but cannot volitionally perform it. Automatic movement may occur, however a person cannot impose additional movement on command