Flashcards in Nutrition in Children Deck (22):
Eating habits are formed in the first ___ years of life
New foods may have to be introduced as many as ___ times before acceptance
True or false? children imitate parental eating behavior
Generally, above the ___ percentile indicates overweight, while under the ___ percentile indicates underweight
Infants triple birth weight in the first ___ months
Toddlers gain ___ lbs and ___ " per month
Preschoolers gain ___ lbs and ___" per year
Neural system development is most intense from prenatal - __ years
What is the result of decreased energy/nutrients in the first years of brain development?
structural and functional damage to the CNS
note: low fat diets can be very detrimental
____ million children lived in food-insecure households in 2013
Breakfast replenishes ____ reserves after fasting overnight
These are periods of refusing certain food or demanding only certain foods - seen in toddlers
What are some ways to combat food jags?
serve new foods along with familiar ones
serve new foods only when child is hungry
ensure other family members eat the new food in front of the child
Meal time is important for role modeling healthy eating and positive self-image development. Should force feeding be utilized?
no, can damage self image
True or false? energy needs increase at puberty, but remain much lower than for infants or children
Name some things that put a child at risk for nutritional deficiencies
eating disorders, chronic medical conditions, use of alcohol or drugs, strict vegan diets or "fad" diets, low socio-economic status
Iron deficient anemia is most common in which individuals?
pubescent and post-pubescent girls
___ of all US children are obese
Overall obese children and young adults have lower academic achievement and household incomes. True or false?
True or false? There is no association between obese parents and children who struggle with obesity and insulin resistance
false - there is an association
A child with two obese parents has a ___% chance of becoming obese; with only one obese parent, that drops to ___%