Nutrition in Children Flashcards Preview

Biochem > Nutrition in Children > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition in Children Deck (22):
1

Eating habits are formed in the first ___ years of life

2

2

New foods may have to be introduced as many as ___ times before acceptance

10

3

True or false? children imitate parental eating behavior

true

4

Generally, above the ___ percentile indicates overweight, while under the ___ percentile indicates underweight

95th; 5th

5

Infants triple birth weight in the first ___ months

12

6

Toddlers gain ___ lbs and ___ " per month

0.5; 0.4

7

Preschoolers gain ___ lbs and ___" per year

4.4; 2.75

8

Neural system development is most intense from prenatal - __ years

3

9

What is the result of decreased energy/nutrients in the first years of brain development?

structural and functional damage to the CNS

note: low fat diets can be very detrimental

10

____ million children lived in food-insecure households in 2013

15.3

11

Breakfast replenishes ____ reserves after fasting overnight

carb

12

These are periods of refusing certain food or demanding only certain foods - seen in toddlers

food jags

13

What are some ways to combat food jags?

serve new foods along with familiar ones
serve new foods only when child is hungry
ensure other family members eat the new food in front of the child

14

Meal time is important for role modeling healthy eating and positive self-image development. Should force feeding be utilized?

no, can damage self image

15

True or false? energy needs increase at puberty, but remain much lower than for infants or children

true

16

Name some things that put a child at risk for nutritional deficiencies

eating disorders, chronic medical conditions, use of alcohol or drugs, strict vegan diets or "fad" diets, low socio-economic status

17

Iron deficient anemia is most common in which individuals?

pubescent and post-pubescent girls

18

___ of all US children are obese

1/3

19

Overall obese children and young adults have lower academic achievement and household incomes. True or false?

true

20

True or false? There is no association between obese parents and children who struggle with obesity and insulin resistance

false - there is an association

21

A child with two obese parents has a ___% chance of becoming obese; with only one obese parent, that drops to ___%

80; 40

22

A higher proportion of obesity exists in:
a. only children
b. children of older parents
c. children with separated parents
d. children who watch a lot of tv
e. all of the above

e.