Obstructive Lung Disease Flashcards Preview

First Aid Respiratory > Obstructive Lung Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Obstructive Lung Disease Deck (17):
1

Decrease in FEV1/FVC ratio

Obstructive Lung Diseases

2

Hyperplasia of mucus-secreting glands in the bronchi; Reid Index >50%

Chronic Bronchitis

3

Productive cough for >3months per year for >2years

Chronic Bronchitis

4

Destruction of alveolar walls

Emphysema

5

Blue bloater

Chronic bronchitis

6

Pink Puffer

Emphysema

7

Centriacinar emphysema

Associated with smoking; primarily upper lungs

8

Panacinar emphysema

Associated with alpha1-antitrypsin defiency (primarily in lower lobes, and may have associated liver cirrhosis)

9

Exhalation through pursed lips

Emphysema

10

PiM

normal allele for alpha1-antitrypsin

11

PiZ

most common mutation for alpha1-antitrypsin (if homozygous; panacinar emphysema with cirrhosis)

12

Charcot Leyden crystals

breakdown of eosinophils; asthma

13

Curschmann spirals

epithelium mucus plugs; asthma

14

Methacholine Challenge

Tests for asthma

15

Th2 secretes

IL4(plasma to IgE); IL5(eosinophils); IL10(inhibit Th1)

16

Chronic necrotizing infection of bronchi > permanently dilated airways; foul smelling sputum

Bronchiectasis

17

Diseases associated with Bronchiectasis

Kartagener, CF, Allergic Bronchopulmonary, Aspergillosis