Pathology 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology 1 Deck (21):
1

Most common acute cause of rhinosinusitis

Viral URI (adenovirus)

2

Most common affected area in rhinosinusitis

Maxillary sinuses in Adults

3

Bacterial infections involves in rhinosinusitis

S. pneumonia; H. influenzae; and M. catarrhalis

4

Virchow's Triad (assoc with DVT)

Stasis; Hypercoaguability; Endothelial damage

5

Origin of 95% pulmonary emboli

deep leg veins

6

Homan sign

dorsiflex foot; calf pain; DVT present

7

Prevention and acute management of DVT

Heparin

8

LT prevention of DVT

Warfarin

9

benign tumor of nasal mucosa composed of large blood vessels and firbous tissue; classically adolescent males; perfuse epistaxis

Angiofibroma

10

Most common cause of acute epiglottitis

H. influenza type b

11

Inspiratory stridor, sore throat, drooling with dysphagia, muffled voice

Acute epiglottitis

12

"barking" cough with inspiratory stridor

Laryngotracheabronchitis (croup); parainfluenza

13

Laryngeal Papilloma

Benign papillary tumor of vocal cord due to HPV 6 & 11

14

Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

malignant tumor of nasopharyngeal epithelium; associated with EBV
African kids and Chinese Adults

15

SCC from epithelial lining of vocal cord

Laryngeal Carcinoma

16

Long bone fracture & liposuction

Fat emboli

17

Amniotic fluid emboli

DIC postpartum

18

Gas emboli

Nitrogen bubbles precipitate in ascending divers (tx with hyperbaric O2)

19

Lines of Zahn

thrombi before death

20

Sudden-onset dyspnea, chest pain, tachypnea, respiratoyr alkalosis

Pulmonary Embolism

21

Test of choice for Pulmonary embolism

CT pulmonary angiography