Pneumonia Flashcards Preview

First Aid Respiratory > Pneumonia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pneumonia Deck (23):
1

Cause of interstitial pneumonia

Viruses like influenza, RSV and adenovirus

2

Bacteria that cause atypical (interstitial) pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumonia, Legionella, Chlamydia, Coxiella Burnetti

3

Patchy distribution pneumonia >1lobe

Bronchopneumonia (lobular)

4

Causes of Lobular pneumonia (bronchopneumonia)

S. penumonia, S. aureus, H. influenza, Klebsiella

5

Exacerbates COPD

H. influenzae; Moraxella catarhhalis; Legionella

6

acute inflamamtory infiltrates from broncioles into adjacent alveoli

Bronchopneumonia (lobular)

7

Intra-alveolar exudate

Lobar Pneumonia

8

CAP Lobar pneumonia

S. pneumonia

9

Alcoholic pneumonia

Klebsiella pneumonia

10

Most common cause of atypical pneumonia in infants

RSV

11

Placenta of animal

Coxiella burnetti

12

Post-transplant immunosupressive therapy cause of pneumonia

CMV

13

Most common cause of secondary pneumonia superimposed on viral pneumonia

S. aureus

14

4 Phases of Lobar Pneumonia

1. Congestion: dilate BV and edema
2. Red Hepatization
3. Grey Hepatization
4. Resolution: healing by type II pneumocytes

15

Cold hemolytic anemia (IgM)

Mycoplasma pneumonia

16

Air-fluid levels on CXR

Lung Abscess

17

Bugs that cause Lung abscesses

S. aureus; anaerobes like Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Peptostreptococcus

18

Transudate

Decreased protein content. Due to CHF, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis

19

Exudate

Increased protein content, cloudy, collagen vascular disease, trauma

20

Chylothorax

Lymph pleural effusion; thoracic duct injury, malignancy, increased TGs

21

Accumulation of air in pleural space Most often in tall, thin, young males because of rupture of apical blebs

Spontaneous pneumothorax

22

Trachea deviates away from affected lung

Tension pneumothorax

23

Physical findings associated with pneumothorax

dyspnea, unilateral chest expansion, decreased tactile fremitus, hyperresonance, diminished breath sounds on affected side