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Flashcards in Ophthalmology Drugs Deck (25)
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1

Contraindications of chloramphenicol

Can cause grey baby syndrome in children as their livers lack the enzymes to metabolise the drug.

Aplastic anaemia

Allergies

Pseudomonas is a common contaminant of bottles

2

Side effects of steroids

Cataracts
Induced glaucoma

3

Name some mydriatics

Tropicamide
Cyclopentolate

4

MoA of mydriatics

Stimulate pupil dilation by blocking parasympathetic supply to the iris

5

Side effects of mydriatics

Blurry vision

6

Name a diagnostic dye

Fluorescein

7

Name a prostaglandin analogue

Latanoprost

8

MoA of Latanoprost

Increases uveoscleral outflow

9

Sife effects of Latanoprost

Brown pigmentation of the iris

10

What is Timolol

Beta blocker

11

MoA of Timolol

Reduces aqueous production

12

Contraindications for Timolol

Should be avoided in asthmatics and patients with heart block

13

Name a sympathomimetic

brimonidine (an alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist)

14

MoA of brimonidine

Reduces aqueous production and increases outflow

15

Name a Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors

Dorzolamide

16

Side effects of brimonidine

Adverse effects include hyperaemia

17

MoA of Dorzolamide

Reduces aqueous production

18

Name a Miotics

Pilocarpine (a muscarinic receptor agonist)

19

MoA of Pilocarpine

Increases uveoscleral outflow

20

Side effects of pilocarpine

Constricted pupil, headache and blurred vision

21

Side effects of chloroquine (used for RA/SLE)?

Retinopathy

22

Side effects of Ethambutol

Optic neuropathy

23

Name an Anti-VEGF

Ranibizumab

24

MoA of Ant--VEGF

Ranibizumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits angiogenesis by inhibiting Vascular endothelial growth factor A

25

What does VEGF stand for

Vascular endothelial growth factor