Flashcards in Orem Self-Care Deficit Of Nursing Deck (29):
What is concept?
Abstract ideas or mental images of a phenomena
(Building blocks of theories)
What is. Theory?
Provides a systematic view is explaining, predicting & prescribing phenomenas
What is a conceptual framework?
Link major nursing concepts & phenomena to direct nursing decisions
What is orem's theory?
Capability of each individual & their loved ones & their ability to care for themselves
What is the conceptual framework of orem's theory?
thinking of data,
coming up with a plan,
evaluate if actions had positive outcome
What are the 4 components of nursing conceptual framework?
1. Person: central focus
2. Health: mental and physical health
3. Environment: person influenced by environment
4. Nurse: assess patient
Nursing theories define the relationship between these 4 concepts
What are the 3 theoretical constructs of orem's theory?
1 self-care: care you provide for yourself
2. Self-care deficits: inability for you to preform care for yourself
3. Self-care deficit theory of nursing: how to help someone based on their needs
Construct 1: self care. Main idea?
Activities a person performs in order to maintain their well-being
These actions (self-care practices) are learned in a social environment (within the family)
What are actions?
Self care practices that are therapeutic or non-therapeutic
What is a therapeutic action?
Positive things we do to maintain our physical and mental health (exercise, social contact)
What are non-therapeutic actions?
Things which have a negative impact on us
What are the impacts of therapeutic care practices?
Supports life processes and promotes normal functioning
Maintains normal growth, development and maturation
Who can carry out self-care practices
Person: the person who provides care for themselves
Caregiver: the person who provides care for a dependent other
What our purposes
They are referred to as self-care requisite (SCR)
What are Self care requisite
Goals of care
What are the three categories of self-care requisite
1.universal self-care requisite (everyone)
2. Developmental self-care requisites (children/elderly)
3. Help deviation self-care requisite (deviates from what is normal)
What are the eight universal self-care requisites
4. Satisfactory eliminator functions
5. Balance activity and rest
6. Time spent alone balances with time spent with others
7. Keeping yourself safe
8. Being normal
What are the developmental self-care requisites
Maturational requisites: move from one developmental stage to the next
Situational requisites: purposes/goals that arise from specific events ( abused, loss of job)
What is Health deviation self-care requisite
Requisites that exists for people who are ill or injured or have a disability or who are being treated medically
What is the term action demand
Specific goal given to someone related to a single self-care requisite
What are the two components of action demand
1. Action demand statement
2. Steps to be taken
What does the action demand statement stands for
Describe the direction in which the requisite needs to move
How do you write an action demand statement
Verb + universal self-care requisite + in a + age + sex + and make it particular.
By (list actions to be take )
EX: ADS= increase + activity level + in a nine-year-old boy + who spends all his time on the computer.
1. Enrolling in afterschool activity program twice a week
2. Biking for half an hour every second day
What is total care required
All of the actions that need to be performed to meet the goals pertaining to all of the self-care requisites
What is the central idea of self-care deficit
Humans are subject to changes in health that may create limitations and their ability to care for themselves.
This part of the theory highlight the when and why people need nursing care
What are the 8 basic conditioning factors
Factors that affect individuals ability to engage in self-care
3. Developmental state
4. Health state
5. Health care system factors
6. Family system factors
7. Sociocultural orientation
8. Patterns of living
What is self-care ability
Ability to meet ones continuing requirements for care
What is the self-care deficit theory of nursing(nurse – patient relationship)
Primary goal of the relationship is to meet the patients total care required this is done by the nurse providing care to the patient
Patient self-care ability + ability of the nurse to provide care = total care required