Organic Chemistry Pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Organic Chemistry Pt 2 Deck (30)
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What are Lipids?

Fats, Oils, Steroids, Hormones.
Molecules that are water insoluble
HydroPhobic - Do Not like water.

1

What is Hydrophobic?

Fear of water; Molecule or organism that does not like to interact with water molecules.

2

What are Hydrophilic molecules?

Molecules that have no preference if they interact with water or not

3

What are Triglycerides?

Major component of dietary lipids.
energy storage & metabolism

4

What is a phospholipid?

Phosphate containing lipids used to make cellular membranes.

5

What is HCG?

Human Chronic Gronadotropin (First hormone in pregnancy)

6

What do proteins do?

Products of what our genetic info codes for.
what makes up our own cells for function.

7

How many common amino acids are there?

20

8

What does a Helix look like?

squiggaly pigs tail oink oink lol

9

What does a Pleated Sheet look like?

ruffle potato chip all squished up

10

What are the 4 levels of Protein structure??

1. Primary Structure
2. Secondary Structure
3. Tertiary Structure
4. Quaternary Structure

11

What is Denaturation?

Disruption of protein structure at any level
unfolding of a protein

12

What causes Denaturation?

Heat or Cold
pH change
chemical modification
changing even One amino acid in the primary structure can make a protein not function properly

13

What are some examples of denaturation? (diseases)

1. sickle cell anemia
2. cystic fibrosis

14

What are Substrates?

Targets for enzymes.
typically recognized by a shape to shape interaction.

15

Which one changes? which stays the same? (Substrate, Enzymes)

Substrate changes
Enzymes stay the same

16

How many Inhibit Enzyme Reactions are there? (list them?)

Two..
1. Competitive Inhibitors
2. Non Competitive Inhibitors

17

What do Competitive Inhibitors do?

Bind to the enzyme or substrate in the recognition domain area & block the typical interaction.

18

What are Non competitive Inhibitors?

Inhibitors Bind to the enzyme substrate & change their shape (so they can't connect)

19

What are cofactors?

Small ions that bind to the enzymes to help maintain their shape.

20

List the Ion cofactors

Calcium Ion
Magnesium Ion
Zinc Ion

21

What is an Ion?

An atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the loss or gain of one or more electron.

22

How do you measure liquid volume?

Graduated cylinder

23

What is a miniscus?

the bend in the graduated cylinder

24

Where do you read the graduated cylinder from?

The meniscus

25

What is the formula for measuring solid volume?

Length X Width X Height

26

What is the conversion for F to Celsius ?

(5/9 - 32 = C)

27

What is the formula for conversion from Celcius to F ?

(9/5 + 32 = F)

28

What is your normal body temperature in F?

98.6*F

29

What is your normal body temperature in Celcuis?

37*C