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Name 4 major Macromolecules

1. Carbohydrates
2. Lipids - Fats/Oils/Hormones
3. Proteins
4. Nucleic Acids (RNA/DNA)

1

Define Cellulose

Long chain of tough interconnecting sugars. Structural material in cell walls & plant bodies.

2

What is Chitin?

Long chain structures, Sugar. Insects to build exoskeletons. Not water soluble.

3

What is Anion?

Negative charge

4

What are Isotopes?

Altered forms of elements
same # of protons
different # of neutrons

5

What are Ions?

Charged elements.
Neutral in charge.
They use negative and positive changes to balance each other out

6

What is Glycogen?

Long chains of Glucose molecules.

7

What disrupts the balance of elements?

When you change the (+) or (-) electrons you can disrupt the balance.

8

What do enzymes do?

Mediate chemical reactions

9

What are inhibitors?

A substance that slows down or prevents a particular chemical reaction.

10

What is starch?

Long chains of Mono & Disaccharides
somewhat water soluble
long term carb storage

11

What is a Carbon?

Molecule of life (All life we know of is made of carbon molecules)

12

What are Enantiomers?

Carbon compounds w/ the same building blocks but different functions.

13

What are buffers?

Buffers stabilize the pH of a solution to maintain overall pH

14

What are transport proteins?

Passageway between opposite sides of membrains

15

What is Lactose?

Enzyme found in milk & dairy products

16

What is Lactase?

Enzyme that allows us to breakdown lactose

17

What is Cation?

Positive Charge

18

What is Anion?

Negative charge

19

What are receptor protien?

Typically on the surface of the cell & they allow the cell to send & receive signals.

20

Name 3 types of Proteins..

1. Transport proteins
2. Receptor proteins
3. Defense proteins

21

What are defense proteins for?

Primarily antibodies defense enzymes

22

What are Amino Acids?

Building blocks of proteins. Monomer proteins.

23

Define Amylase

Enzyme in our saliva that breaks down starch

24

Is glycogen found in plants or animals?

Animals

25

What is Pseudo science?

False claims.
Not verifiable.