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Flashcards in OS Exam 2 Deck (230)
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1

How many cervical vertebra do we have

7

2

The atlas lacks what vertebral structure

Has no vertebral body

3

What is the atypical feature of C2

Dens (odontoid process)

4

Articular facets in the cervical spine are oriented in what direction

Superior: upward toward eye
Inferior: point toward opposite shoulder

5

C2-c7 follow what type of mechanics

type II

6

From a lateral view. We can check alignment along what imaginary lines

Anterior vertebral line
Posterior vertebral line
Spinolaminar line
Posterior spinous line

7

What view must you use for x ray of the dens

AP (anteroposterior view) with an open mouth

8

What do we think is the cause of cervical spine somatic dysfunction

Compensatory after for dysfunction of lower parts of spine

9

Rotational testing in the. Cervical spine. Requires us to contact lateral mass (lateral to spinous process) and rotate them in what plane

Transverse plane

10

If you induce a force in the transverse plane on the left lateral mass what motion are we inducing in cervical vertebra

Rotate right

11

Translation of cervical vertebra (lateral segment movement: left to right or right to left) induces motion in which plane

Coronal plane

12

If we move a cervical vertebra in the coronal plane: translation from left to right what do we document this motion as

Sidebent left

13

If there is more restricted motion in the cervical vertebra while the neck is flexed how would we name it

Extension dysfunction

14

Which part of the chart should include documentation of somatic dysfunction

Objective portion (of SOAP note)

15

Normal flexion of the neck

45-90

16

Normal extension of the neck

45-90

17

Normal side bending of the neck

45

18

Where do we palpate while checking cervical ROM actively and passively

At the C7-T1 junction

19

Normal rotation of the neck

70-90

20

What are the major motions of OA joint

Flexion and extension (Sagittal plane motion)

21

What type of mechanics are displayed at the OA joint

Flex/extend but SB/Rot to opposite directions ALWAYS making it modified type I

22

To assess restriction of motion at the OA joint contact posterior occipital with middle finger and lateral aspect with index finger. Assess rotation right by lifting anterior on which side?

Left

23

To assess restriction of motion at the OA joint contact posterior occipital with middle finger and lateral aspect with index finger. Assess side bending left by inducting what motion?

Translation

24

antlantoaxial joint (AA) has what primary motion

Rotation (atlas rotates around dens)

25

To assess restriction of motion at the AA joint contact posterior occiput and place fingers on AA joint. Fully flex the head and neck to take out inferior segments. In this position we can check what motions for restriction?

Rotate right and left

26

We must assess OA and AA joint restriction of motion in what positions?

Neutral, flexed, and extended

27

We can also translate left or right in the sagittal plane at C3-7 by placing our fingertips where before inducing lateral motion

Tip of transverse process

28

Floor of thoracic cavity

Diaphragm

29

3 parts of sternum

Manubrium, body, xiphoid

30

The xiphoid remains cartilaginous until when

40. Years