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Flashcards in Other One-Liners Deck (185)
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1

The selective agents lose their selectivity at

high doses

2

Another pneumonic for anticholinergic toxicity

"dry as a bone, red as a beet, mad as a hatter, hot as a hare, blind as a bat"

3

These beta blockers are less lipid soluble

Acebutolol and atenolol

4

This diuretic decreases aqueous secretion due to lack of HCO3- ion. Causes drowsiness and paresthesias, alkalinization of the urine may precipitate calcium salts, hypokalemia, acidosis

Acetazolamide

5

Short acting Beta 2 agonists that is drug of choice in treatment of acute asthma but not recommended for prophylaxis

Albuterol

6

Phenylisopropylamines that are used legitimately and abused for narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder, and weight reduction

Amphetamines

7

Toxicity of anticholinergics

Anti-DUMBBELSS

8

Selective alpha agonists that decreases aqueous secretion

Apraclonidine, brimonidine

9

Treatment of muscarinic symptoms in organophosphate overdose

Atropine

10

Clinical uses of these agents include treatment of HTN, angina, arrhythmias, and chronic CHF

Beta blockers

11

Toxicity of these agents include bradycardia, AV blockade, exacerbation of acute CHF, signs of hypoglycemia may be masked (tachycardia, tremor, and anxiety)

Beta blockers

12

These agents increase blood flow and may be beneficial in treatment of acute heart failure and some types of shock

Beta1 agonists

13

Reversal of blockade by neuromuscular blockers

Cholinesterase inhibitors

14

Reduce transient hyper GI motility

Dicyclomine, methscopolamine

15

Antiglaucoma organophosphate, indicated but not used much clinically anymore due to long duration of action

Echothiophate

16

Indirect-Acting ACh Agonist, alcohol, short DOA and used in diagnosis of myasthenia gravis

Edrophonium

17

Long acting sympathomimetic, sometimes used to improve urinary continence in children and elderly with enuresis

Ephedrine

18

This is the drug of choice for anaphylactic shock

Epinephrine

19

Nonselective alpha agonists that decrease aqueous production and increase aqueous outflow

Epinephrine, dipivefrin

20

This parenteral beta blocker is a short acting

Esmolol

21

Epinephrine and dipivefrin are used for

Glaucoma

22

Ganglion blockers that were indicated (but not anymore) for severe hypertension

Hexamethonium, trimethaphan

23

Shock due to septicemia or myocardial infarction is made worse by

Increasing afterload and tissue perfusion declines

24

Atropine fever is the most dangerous effect and can be lethal in this population group

Infants

25

Contraindications to use of atropine

Infants, closed angle glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy

26

Combined alpha and beta blocking agents that may have application in treatment of CHF

Labetalol and carvedilol

27

Insecticide organophosphate

Malathion, parathion

28

Chronic orthostatic hypotension can be treated with

Midodrine

29

This beta blocker is the longest acting

Nadolol

30

Carbamate with intermediate action and used as off-label for postoperative paralytic ileus and urinary retention

Neostigmine