High-Yield One-Liners Flashcards Preview

PBL Pharm Block 3 > High-Yield One-Liners > Flashcards

Flashcards in High-Yield One-Liners Deck (63)
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1

Selective B1 Receptor blockers that may be useful in treating cardiac conditions in patients with asthma

Acebutolol, atenolol, esmolol, metoprolol

2

These agents decrease blood flow or increase blood pressure, are local decongestant, and used in therapy of spinal shock (temporary maintenance of blood pressure which may help maintain perfusion)

Alpha1 agonists

3

Produce mydriasis and cycloplegia

Atropine and other anti-muscarinic agents

4

Treat manifestations of Parkinson's disease and EPS

Benztropine, trihexyphenidyl

5

This agent has greater affinity for muscarinic receptors and used for postoperative and neurogenic ileus and urinary retention

Bethanechol

6

MOA action of cromolyn

Blocks opening of Cl channels to prevent mast cell degranulation

7

Toxicity of cholinergics

DUMBELSS (diarrhea, urination, miosis, bronchoconstriction, excitation of skeletal muscle and CNS, lacrimation, salivation, and sweating)

8

Alpha 1 agonist toxicity

Hypertension

9

Bronchodilation in asthma and COPD

Ipratropium, tiotropium

10

Muscarinic antagonist used in COPD

Ipratropium, tiotropium

11

Selective Alpha 1 blocker used for hypertension, BPH, may cause first dose orthostatic hypotension

Prazosin, terazosin, doxazosin

12

Treatment of motion sickness

Scopolamine

13

This beta blocker lacks local anesthetic activity (decreases protective reflexes and increases the risk of corneal ulceration) and used in treating glaucoma

Timolol

14

These Beta blockers decrease aqueous secretion

Timolol (nonselective), betaxolol (selective)

15

Pneumonic for beta receptors

You have 1 heart (Beta 1) and 2 lungs (Beta 2)

16

SE of long term (>5 days) corticosteroid therapy and remedy

Adrenal suppression and weaning slowly, respectively

17

Acetaminophen only has what activity?

Antipyretic and analgesic activity

18

Some side effects of corticosteroids

Hyperglycemia, Osteopenia, impaired wound healing, inc. risk of infection, inc. appetite, HTN, edema, PUD, euphoria, psychosis

19

Agent used for closure of patent ductus arteriosus

Indomethacin

20

Antidote for acetaminophen toxicity

N-acetylcysteine

21

Used in pediatrics to maintain patency of ductus arteriosis

PGE1 (Alprostadil)

22

Prostaglandin used as 2nd line treatment of erectile dysfunction

PGE1 (Alprostadil)

23

Inhibitor of lipoxygenase

Zileuton

24

Captopril and enalapril (-OPRIL ending) are

ACE inhibitors

25

Diuretic used as prophylactic for mountain sickness and glaucoma

Acetazolamide

26

Losartan and valsartan block

AT1 receptors

27

Cardioselective Beta 1-blockers

Atenolol, acebutolol, and metoprolol

28

Reduce heart rate, contractility, and O2 demand

Beta-blockers

29

SE of beta blockers

Bradycardia, SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION, decrease in HDL, and increase in Triglycerols (TG)

30

An electrolyte that is lost in the urine by acute treatment with loop diuretics but can be retained by thiazides

Calcium