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Flashcards in Pelvic Viscera Deck (29)
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1

What systems can be found in the pelvic region

urinary tract
distal GIT
reproductive system

2

What structure does the ureter cross in the pelvis

vas deferens in male
uterine artery in female

3

What is the potential space anterior to the bladder called

retropubic space

4

Where is the apex of bladder pointing?

towards the pubic bone

5

Can we differentiate the trigone from the rest of the bladder macroscopically?

Yes, the trigone is smooth and doesn't have detrusor muscle ridges

6

Which part of the bladder is fixed in position?

the neck, fixed by pubovesical ligament and lateral pelvic ligament

7

What's the name of the peritoneal covering of testes

tunica vaginalis

8

T/F Vas deferens is posterior to the ureter on the posterior surface of the bladder

True, VD enters posterior to the ureter

9

Which prostate lobe is most likely to have benign hypertrophy

Medial lobe

10

What information of the prostate can we get with a PR exam

size, hardness, and contour

11

What's the normal position of uterus in relation to bladder

ante-verted and anti-flexed

12

What are the two parts of female cervix

internal and external os

13

What ligaments stabilise the cervix?

lateral cervical ligament
utero-sacral ligament
pubo-cervical ligament

14

What happens if the cervical ligaments are lax

prolapse can occur
uterus falls inferiorly
bladder falls posteriorly
rectum falls anteriorly

15

What is the ligament covering the uterine tubes

broad ligament, extension of peritoneum

16

T/F Isthmus is the part of the uterine tube directly adjacent to the ovary

False, infundibulum is the part close to the ovary. Isthmus is closest to the uterus

17

Which part of the uterine tube is broadest

ampulla

18

What's the name of the ovary's mesentery, formed as part of the broad ligament?

suspensory ligament, to the posterior wall

19

What is the ligament that connects the ovary to the uterus?

ovarian ligament

20

What is the round ligament analogous to in male?

it's analogous to spermatic cord, the part that travels within the inguinal canal

21

Why is the anterior wall of the vagina shorter than the posterior wall?

Because there is an angulation backwards

22

Which part of the vagina is directly related to the pouch of douglas?

posterior fornix

23

Where might we feel enlarged ovarian cysts?

the lateral fornix of the vagina, on either side of the cervix

24

Which spinal segment does the rectum begin?

S3

25

Which two arteries enter the pelvic from above?

Ovarian arteries
Superior rectal artery, continuation of IMA

26

In male, there is an additional inferior vesical artery. Which structures does it supply?

vas deferen
prostate
seminal vesicle

27

What is the uterine artery stabilised by?

endovascular condensation that forms the lateral cervical ligament

28

Which artery does the uterine artery anastamose with?

ovarian artery from above

29

T/F Inferior hypogastric plexus has both SNS and PNS fibres

True, S2-S4 for PNS
SNS from superior hypogastric plexus, forming a pair of hypogastric nerves