Oral Contraceptives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Oral Contraceptives Deck (14)
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1

What's one example of synthetic oestrogen

ethinyloestradiol

2

What's the synthetic oestrogen used in emergency pills

levonorgestrel

3

What is the side effect of levonorgestrel?

it's a bit androgenic, which can lead to hirsutism and acne

4

What are the two newer versions of progesterone

Cyproterone and drospirenone

5

How is cyproterone different to levonorgestrel?

it's anti-androgenic, and can be used to treat PCOS

6

Which drug isdrospirenone derived from?

spironlactone (K+ sparring diuretic)

7

What is the most common form of contraceptive pills?

combined oral contraceptives - mixture of oestrogen and progesterone in fixed ratio

8

How is sequential preparation pills different to COC

It mimic the normal physiological changes in menstrual cycle to reduce side effect

9

When is progestogen only oral pills prescribed?

when oestrogen is contraindicated or when woman is lactating

10

Why can't you take the progestogen only pills when lactating

Lactation requires low level of oestrogen. Having oestrogen will inhibit milk production

11

Why is progestogen only pill less effective

It does not inhibit LH every cycle, and women can still ovulate

12

Is OC-induced hypertension reversible

Yes, in women without predisposing conditions

13

Which OC drug has the highest risk for thromboembolism?

cyproterone

14

T/F Smoking + OC pills = suicide

True