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Y4 Nephrology/Urology > Penis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Penis Deck (21)
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1

what is balanitis?

Acute inflammation of the foreskin and glans

2

what organisms cause balanitis ?

strep
staph
candida

3

what is candida infection associated with ?

DM

4

what are some risk factors of balanitis?

DM, young children ̄c tight foreskin

5

what is the treatment for balanitis?

hygiene advice
antibiotics
circumcision

6

what is phimosis ?

foreskin occludes the meatus

7

what is the treatment of phimosis in children?

Gentle retraction, steroid creams, circumcision

8

what is the treatment of phimosis in adults?

circumcision

9

what is the presentation of phimosis ?

dyspareunia, infection

10

what is phimosis associated with in adults ?

BXO
balanitis xerotica obliterans

11

what is Paraphimosis?

Tight foreskin is retracted and becomes irreplaceable. which decreased venous return

12

state some causes of paraphimosis ?

catheterisation, masturbation, intercourse

13

what is the management of paraphimosis ?

use ice and lignocaine jelly

14

what is hypospadia?

opens on ventral surface of penis

15

what is epispadia?

opens on dorsal surface

16

what is smegma?

sebaceous secretion in the folds of the skin, especially under a man's foreskin.

17

what infections are associated with penile cancer?

HPV (16, 18, 31) infection

18

what is Erythroplasia of Querat?

penile cancer in situ

- similar to bowmans disease of the skin

19

what is the presentation of penile cancer?

Chronic fungating ulcer
Bloody / purulent discharge

20

what is the surgical option for penile cancer?

Amputation required if urethral involvement 􏰁 Lymph node dissection

21

what is the medical treatment for penile cancer?

DXT (deep X-ray treatment)
iridium wires