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Y4 Nephrology/Urology > Testicular problems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Testicular problems Deck (12)
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1

are undescended testes usually bilateral or unilateral?

unilateral

2

what condition is associated with bilateral undescended testes?

Noonans
Prader willi

3

what are the three types of undescended testes?

crytochidism
retractile
maldescended
ectopic

4

what are the complications of undescended testes?

infertility
malignancy
increased risk of trauma and torsion
associated with hernias

5

what is the surgery for undescended testes?

orchidoplexy by dartos pouch procedure

6

what hormonal treatment can be used for testes in the inguinal canal?

Beta HCG

7

what is the most common cause of testicular torsion?

usually secondary to exertion or minor trauma

8

what is the common presentation of testicular torsion?

10-25yrs
sudden severe pain in one testis
hot, swollen, extremely tender testis

9

is testicular torsion a surgical emergency?

yes

10

how long is the window to surgically treat a testicular torsion before function is lost?

4-6hrs

11

what are differential diagnosis of testicular torsion?

epididymo-orchitis
torted hydatid of Morgagni
tumour
trauma
strangulated hernia
appendicitis

12

what is torted hydatid of Morgagni caused by?

remnant of Mullerian duct