Urolithiasis Flashcards Preview

Y4 Nephrology/Urology > Urolithiasis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urolithiasis Deck (11)
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1

what urolithiasis stone type May form staghorn calculi

triple phosphate

2

what urolithiasis stone type
is associated with Fanconi Syn.

cystine

3

what are some associated factors of renal stones?

Dehydration
 Hypercalcaemia: 1O HPT, immobilisation
 ↑ oxalate excretion: tea, strawberries
 UTIs
 Hyperuricaemia: e.g. gout
 Urinary tract abnormalities: e.g. bladder diverticulae
 Drugs: frusemide, thiazides

4

what blood tests should be done for renal stones?

FBC, U+E, Ca, PO4, urate

5

what is the gold standard imaging test for renal stones?

Spiral non-contrast CT-KUB

6

are most renal stones radio-opaque or radiolucent?

radio-opaque

7

what renal stones are radiolucent?

Urate

8

what three functional scans can be done for the renal function?

DMSA: dimercaptosuccinic acid
 DTPA: diethylenetriamene penta-acetic acid
 MAG-3

9

state some dietary sources of oxalate?

chocolate, tea, strawberries

10

what analgesia should be used for renal stones?

Diclofenac 75mg

11

what are three options for active stone removal?

Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (SWL)
Ureterorenoscopy (URS)
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL)