Flashcards in Urolithiasis Deck (11)
what urolithiasis stone type May form staghorn calculi
what urolithiasis stone type
is associated with Fanconi Syn.
what are some associated factors of renal stones?
Hypercalcaemia: 1O HPT, immobilisation
↑ oxalate excretion: tea, strawberries
Hyperuricaemia: e.g. gout
Urinary tract abnormalities: e.g. bladder diverticulae
Drugs: frusemide, thiazides
what blood tests should be done for renal stones?
FBC, U+E, Ca, PO4, urate
what is the gold standard imaging test for renal stones?
Spiral non-contrast CT-KUB
are most renal stones radio-opaque or radiolucent?
what renal stones are radiolucent?
what three functional scans can be done for the renal function?
DMSA: dimercaptosuccinic acid
DTPA: diethylenetriamene penta-acetic acid
state some dietary sources of oxalate?
chocolate, tea, strawberries
what analgesia should be used for renal stones?