Flashcards in Persecution of Minorities Deck (18):
What was a central part of Nazi policy?
The creation of a pure German state. This meant treating all non-German groups - Jews in particular - as second-class citizens.
What is meant by 'untermenschen'?
Subhumans - used to refer to Jews and Slavs
How did Nazi propaganda portray Jews?
Nazi propaganda portrayed Jews as evil moneylenders.
What physical characteristics were 'Aryan'?
Blonde, blue-eyed, tall, athletic
How did Hitler aim to create a master race?
- Selective breeding (e.g. SS men were only allowed to marry Aryan women)
- By destroying the Jews
Why was Nazi persecution of Jews initially limited (1933-35)?
Hitler needed to ensure he had the support of majority of the public before passing radical anti-Semitic laws
What is meant by anti-Semitic?
What examples of anti-Semitic laws were passed in 1933?
- Nazi boycotts of Jewish businesses
- Jews were banned from government jobs
- Jews were banned from inheriting land
What examples of anti-Semitic laws were passed in 1935?
- Jews were banned from the army
- Jews were banned from restaurants
When were the Nuremberg Laws passed?
15 September 1935
What were the two key parts of the Nuremberg Laws?
1) Only those of German blood were considered German citizens. Jews were not allowed to vote, hold government jobs, or have German passports
2) Jews were forbidden from marrying German citizens
What examples of anti-Semitic laws were passed in 1938?
- Jews had to register all possessions, making it easier for the govt. to confiscate them
- They had to carry an identity card with a large J (for Jew) stamped on it
- Jewish doctors, dentists and lawyers were forbidden to work for white Aryan Germans
- Jewish children were no longer allowed in German schools
When did 'forced emigration' begin?
Forced emigration begun in 1939
What was the idea behind 'forced emigration'?
Forced emigration attempted to rid Germany of Jews by forcing them to move abroad. (There was, at one point, an idea to send them to Madagascar.)
Which govt. department was in charge of 'forced emigration'?
The Reich Office for Jewish Emigration - led by Rienhard Heydrich
Where were many Jews forced to live from 1939 onwards?
In ghettos - often in Poland following Germany's invasion in 1939. Jews could be evicted from their rented homes.
Which other minorities were persecuted by the Nazis, apart from Jews?
Slavs, Gypsies, Africans, homosexuals, the disabled